list of acronyms used in the Executive Summary is provided below; a fuller list is provided in Appendix B.


AHRQ

—Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality


CHI

—Consolidated Health Informatics (initiative)


DHHS

—Department of Health and Human Services

DICOM

—Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine


EHR

—electronic health record


HIPAA

—Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

HL7

—Health Level Seven


ICD

—International Classification of Diseases

IEEE

—Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers


JCAHO

—Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations


NCPDP

—National Council on Prescription Drug Programs

NCVHS

—National Committee on Vital and Health Statistics


SNOMED CT

—Systemized Nomenclature of Human and Veterinary Medicine Clinical Terms


UHI

—unique health identifier

REFERENCES

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. 2002. Integrated Delivery System Research Network: Fact Sheet. Online. Available: http://www.ahrq.gov/research/idsrn.htm [accessed August 14, 2003].

———. 2003. AHRQ: Evidence-Based Practice. Online. Available: http://www.ahrq.gov/clinic/epcix.htm [accessed April 25, 2003].


Balas, E. A., S. Weingarten, C. T. Garb, D. Blumenthal, S. A. Boren, and G. D. Brown. 2000. Improving preventive care by prompting physicians. Arch Intern Med 160 (3):301–308.

Bates, D. W., L. L. Leape, D. J. Cullen, N. Laird, L. A. Petersen, J. M. Teich, E. Burdick, M. Hickey, S. Kleefield, B. Shea, M. Vander Vliet, and D. L. Seger. 1998. Effect of computerized physician order entry and a team intervention on prevention of serious medication errors. JAMA 280 (15):1311–1316.

Bates, D. W., J. M. Teich, J. Lee, D. Seger, G. J. Kuperman, N. Ma’Luf, D. Boyle, and L. Leape. 1999. The impact of computerized physician order entry on medication error prevention. J Am Med Inform Assoc 6 (4):313–321.

Beta-Blocker Heart Attack Trial. 1982. A randomized trial of propranolol in patients with acute myocardial infarction. I. Mortality results. JAMA 247 (12):1707–1714.

Billings, C. E. 1999. The NASA aviation safety reporting system: Lessons learned from voluntary incident reporting. In: Enhancing Patient Safety and Reducing Errors. Chicago, IL: National Patient Safety Foundation.



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