should be continued as a milk source until at least 12 months of age. Infants who are not fed human milk, who are weaned before 12 months of age, or who are provided supplemental milk sources before 12 months of age should be fed iron-fortified infant formula. Iron-enriched solid foods are recommended for introduction to the diet for most infants at 6 months of age (AAP, 1997). In the United States infant formulas are labeled under the implementing regulations (21 C.F.R. 107.100) of the Infant Formula Act of 1980 (21 U.S.C. §350a). Infant formulas are thus covered under separate regulations and do not use nutrition labeling that conforms to what is required for other food.

The final regulation on RDIs and DRVs (FDA, 1993c) provides details of the DVs to be used for infants and toddlers. This rule basically uses the highest 1968 RDA (NRC, 1968) for each nutrient listed. Therefore the current infant DVs are the RDAs for infants 7 through 12 months of age. Although indicated as being for infants, the listed RDA actually reflects older infants who receive a mixed diet rather than the exclusively human milk-fed or formula-fed younger infant.

There are several other important differences between nutrition labeling for infants and toddlers and that for the general population. First, protein is listed as a percent of the RDA in nutrition labeling for infants and toddlers, which is not the practice for the general population. Second, saturated fat and cholesterol are not listed in the Nutrition Facts box on food for infants and toddlers. Third, total fat, calories from fat, fiber, total carbohydrate, sodium, and potassium are not given as a % DV, but only as a weight of the component. Fourth, the footnotes4 that appear in nutrition labeling for the general population do not appear on the infant or toddler label. These differences are designed to ensure that consumers do not improperly focus on the fat content of infant and toddler food and that the diets chosen do not appear to reflect adult caloric density or nutrient distribution requirements. For protein a special


These include an asterisk at the end of the total fat line and its quantitative amount that provides more detail at the bottom of the label about the specific amount of nutrients in the mix. For example, “A serving of cereal plus skim milk provides 1 g total fat, less than 5 mg cholesterol,” and so on. Another footnote to the heading % Daily Value must include a specifically worded statement that % DVs are based on a 2,000-calorie diet with a table illustrating the contribution of specified nutrients to diets that are 2,000 and 2,500 calories. This latter footnote may include calorie conversion information: a listing of calories per gram of fat, carbohydrate, and protein (FDA, 1999b).

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