The committee considered creating an additional pregnancy category for teenagers and concluded it was not necessary because of recent statistics that show that birth rates for teenagers in the United States have been on the decline since 1990 (Ventura et al., 2003). For birth statistics, teenagers are divided into three age categories: 10 to 14 years, 15 to 17 years, and 17 to 19 years (Ventura et al., 2003). In 2002 birth rates for teenagers overall were 28 percent lower than in 1990. The decrease in birth rates reported among the middle-teenage category is more dramatic than the older teens, with a decline of 38 percent compared with 18 percent from 1990 to 2002. In 2002 the youngest age group showed the lowest birth rate in 40 years, with only 7,318 births. Further, the relatively small percentage of teenage pregnancies (10.7 percent of total pregnancies in 2002) does not merit a separate DV. If teenage pregnancy trends begin to increase in the future, then the creation of an additional group DV for pregnant or lactating teenagers might need consideration.

Dietary Supplements

GUIDING PRINCIPLE 9. The Supplement Facts box should use the same Daily Values (DVs) as the Nutrition Facts box.

The Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (21 U.S.C. §321 (ff)) defined a dietary supplement as:

… a product other than tobacco intended to supplement the diet that bears or contains one or more of the following dietary ingredients: (A) a vitamin; (B) a mineral; (C) an herb or other botanical; (D) an amino acid; (E) a dietary substance for use by man to supplement the diet by increasing the total dietary intake; or (F) a concentrate, metabolite, constituent, extract, or combination of any ingredient described in clause (A), (B), (C), (D), or (E).

The Supplement Facts box must include the nutrients (if they are present) that are required to appear on conventional food labels, any botanicals (including the specific plant part), and proprietary blends by weight. The serving size must be clearly stated on the box. Ingredients for which there are established DVs must be listed first on the box, followed by a horizontal line that separates those nutrient ingredients from ingredients for which there is no DV, such as botanicals. The box must state that DVs have not been established for these latter ingredients, which must be clearly marked with an asterisk.

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