Magnesium (mg/d)c

Manganese (mg/d)

Molybdenum (μg/d)

Nickel (mg/d)

Phosphorus (g/d)

Selenium (μg/d)

Silicond

Vanadium (mg/d)e

Zinc (mg/d)

 

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

45

ND

ND

4

ND

ND

ND

ND

ND

60

ND

ND

5

 

65

2

300

0.2

3

90

ND

ND

7

110

3

600

0.3

3

150

ND

ND

12

 

350

6

1,100

0.6

4

280

ND

ND

23

350

9

1,700

1.0

4

400

ND

ND

34

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

1.8

40

350

11

2,000

1.0

3

400

ND

1.8

40

 

350

9

1,700

1.0

3.5

400

ND

ND

34

350

11

2,000

1.0

3.5

400

ND

ND

40

 

350

9

1,700

1.0

4

400

ND

ND

34

350

11

2,000

1.0

4

400

ND

ND

40

eAlthough vanadium in food has not been shown to cause adverse effects in humans, there is no justification for adding vanadium to food and vanadium supplements should be used with caution. The UL is based on adverse effects in laboratory animals and this data could be used to set a UL for adults but not children and adolescents.

fND = Not determinable due to lack of data of adverse effects in this age group and concern with regard to lack of ability to handle excess amounts. Source of intake should be from food only to prevent high levels of intake.

SOURCE: IOM (1997, 2000b, 2001).



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement