Guiding Principles for Nutrition Labeling

  1. Nutrition information in the Nutrition Facts box should continue to be expressed as percent Daily Value (% DV).

  2. The Daily Values (DVs) should be based on a population-weighted reference value.

  3. A population-weighted Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) should be the basis for DVs for those nutrients for which EARs have been identified.

  4. If no EAR has been set for a nutrient, then a population-weighted Adequate Intake (AI) should be used as the basis for the DV.

  5. The Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDRs) should be the basis for the DVs for the macronutrients protein, total carbohydrate, and total fat.

  6. Two thousand calories (2,000 kcal) should be used, when needed, as the basis for expressing energy intake when developing DVs.

  7. The DVs for saturated fatty acids, trans fatty acids, and cholesterol should be set at a level that is as low as possible in keeping with an achievable health-promoting diet.

  8. While the general population is best identified as all individuals 4 years of age and older, the committee recognized four distinctive life stages during which individuals’ nutrient needs are physiologically different from the main population. These are: infancy, toddlers ages 1 to 3 years, pregnancy, and lactation. Development of DVs for these groups should be guided by the following principles:

    Infants (<1 y): one set of DVs based on the EARs or AIs of older infants (7–12 mo).

    Toddlers (1–3 y): one set of DVs based on the EARs or AIs.

    Pregnancy: one set of DVs based on the population-weighted EARs or AIs for all Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) pregnancy groups.

    Lactation: one set of DVs based on the population-weighted EARs or AIs for all DRI lactation groups.

  9. The Supplement Facts box should use the same DVs as the Nutrition Facts box.

  10. Absolute amounts should be included in the Nutrition Facts and Supplement Facts boxes for all nutrients.

The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement