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OCR for page 131

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OCR for page 131
Working Group Members and Charges to the Three Working Groups INTERACADEMY WORKSHOP ON CONFLICTS IN MULTIETHNIC SOCIETIES DECEMBER 2001 Working Group on Collective Violence Scholars have significant disagreements on the extent to which collec- tive violence is a coherent, autonomous phenomenon or is an expression of underlying processes and conflicts that are not intrinsically violent. At one extreme are specialists who think of violence as a specialized business reflected in guerilla warfare, arms flows, and violent entrepreneurs. At the other extreme are specialists who consider ethnicity a cultural phe- nomenon and who view violence as an occasional by-product of nonvio- lent striving. Where in that range can we find the most promising leads for further research? Russian Participants: Coordinator: Valery A. Tishkov, Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology, Russian Academy of Sciences Larissa L. Khoperskaya, Advisor to the Presidential Representative in the Southern Federal District Viktor V. Bocharov, St. Petersburg State University Lev D. Gudkov, Russian Institute for the Study of Public Opinion American Participants: Coordinator: Charles Tilly, Columbia University Stathis N. Kalyvas, University of Chicago Mark R. Beissinger, University of Wisconsin 133

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34 CONFLICT AND RECONSTRUCTION IN MULTIETHNIC SOCIETIES Working Group on Culture, Identity, and Conflict Many specialists interpret ethnic conflict as an outcome of identity assertion or cultural change or both, often seeing new developments in this regard as a consequence of worldwide political and economic reorga- nization. What are the major competing ideas in this area, what types of research do these ideas imply, and which ideas are the most promising for further work? Russian Participants: Coordinator: Aleksey Miller, Institute for Information in Social Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences Aleksandr Kamensky, Russian State University for Humanities Valikhan Merzikhanov, Saratov State University Leokadia Drobizheva, Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of ~ - ~clences Eduard D. Ponarin, European University at St. Petersburg American Participants: Coordinator: Anatoly M. Khazanov, University of Wisconsin Matthew Evangelista, Cornell University Yoshiko M. Herrera, Harvard University Working Group on Systematic Comparative Studies of Conflict Events In the former Soviet Union and elsewhere, scholars are examining political conflict, including ethnic conflict, by preparing uniform descrip- tions or catalogs of multiple events in different geographic and political settings. What are the strengths and weaknesses in these approaches, what are the alternatives, and what are promising new findings in such studies? Russian Participants: Coordinator: Vitaly Naumkin, Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences, and International Center for Strategic and Political Studies Aleksandr Shubin, Institute of World History, Russian Academy of Sciences Ludmila Gotagova, Institute of Russian History Emil Pain, Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Sciences

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WORKING GROUP MEMBERS AND CHARGES American Participants: Coordinator: Paul C. Stern, National Research Council Andrew Bennett, Georgetown University Edward W. Walker, University of California at Berkeley 135 Each working group met at the National Academies on December 5 and 6, 2001, to prepare papers in response to the charges listed above. These papers were presented at a plenary session on December 7, 2001.