FIGURE 6-1 Trend in the logarithm of the violent crime rate.

1992) are illustrated in Figure 6-1, which shows the “relative trend” in the logarithm of the violent crime rate obtained from the Ayres and Donohue model for a hypothetical county in which a right-to-carry law is adopted in year 8. The relative trend is the difference between the crime trend in the adopting county and the trend in a nonadopting county with the same values of the explanatory variables X. According to the figure, adoption of the law increased the level of violent crime but accelerated a decreasing (relative) trend. Ayres and Donohue obtained similar results for rape and aggravated assault. For murder, the shift in the level is not statistically significant, but there is a statistically significant downward shift in the trend. There is no statistically significant effect on either the level or the trend for robbery and property crimes. Ayres and Donohue also report estimates from an expanded data set that includes the years 1977-1999. The results found using these data, which are reported in Table 6-4, are similar.

Updated Sample Endpoint

Several researchers, including Lott, have assessed whether the basic findings from Models 6.1 and 6.2 continue to hold when using more recent data. In the epilogue to the second edition of his book, Lott (2000: Table 9.1) analyzes data covering the period 1993-1996. Plassmann and Whitley (2003) use data through 2000. In addition to updating the data, these



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