FIGURE 6-3 Year-by-year estimates of the percentage change in disaggregate violent crimes (normalized to adoption date of right-to-carry law, year 0).

——Estimate,——o——bottom of 95% confidence interval (CI),—|—Top of 95% CI

right-to-carry variable, year dummies, and county fixed effects. These estimates tell us how crime has changed in states that have adopted the right-to-carry laws before and after the law change, relative to national time patterns in crime. It is important to stress that the committee is not arguing that excluding all socioeconomic and demographic covariates is an appropriate method of identifying the effects of right-to-carry laws. Rather, we are simply assessing whether such laws are associated with a decline in the level of crime. If not, then detecting the effect, if any, of right-to-carry laws



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