prevention strategies for many types of violence, or they were designed specifically to deter illegal gun possession and use.

Outcome Measures

The impact of most of these types of behavioral interventions is measured in terms of changes in knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. Specific outcomes may include knowledge of the danger of guns and attitudes toward firearms and violence. Changes in behavior are detected by proximal and distal outcome measures for the individuals targeted. For example, if the program is designed to educate parents about firearms safety, a proximal behavior goal would be related to how a gun is stored in the home

Description of Program


Motivational program for children in pre-K through grade 1, with easy-to-understand rhymes; activity books for grades 2-6; 7-minute video, reward stickers, parent letter, instructor guides, in-service video. The message: If you see a gun, stop, don’t touch it, leave the area, and tell an adult.

Hardy et al. (1996) evaluated a similar program and in posttest found no difference between children’s behavior toward firearms in both treated and control groups.

Of three programs evaluated (STAR and STOP, see below), Howard (2001) ranks the Eddie Eagle program the best based on educational material appropriate for developmental level and presentation appearance of printed material.

Kit prepares health care providers to talk with patients/clients and their families about the dangers of keeping a gun in the home. The fundamental goal is to assist the health care provider in incorporating gun violence prevention into routine injury prevention counseling.

Oatis et al. (1999) demonstrate in a pre- and post-randomized trial that there was not a statistically significant drop in gun ownership or improvement in gun storage after a practice-based intervention aimed to promote these behaviors.

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