Criminal justice interventions

enhanced sentences for criminal use of firearms, 223–230

gun courts, 221–222

problem-oriented policing to prevent firearm-related crime, 230–241

to reduce firearm-related violence, 9–10, 18, 221–241

Criminal use of firearms, 78

sources of firearm data on, 26–29

Cross-sectional studies, 154–162

of associations between firearms prevalence and suicide in the U.S., 156–161

of gun laws and suicide, 184, 186–189

international studies, 161–162

U.S. studies, 155–161

Curse of dimensionality, 305

D

Data, 20–42, 122–123

interpreting, 82

observational, 299

quality of, 16

revised new sets of, 126–127, 139

revised original sets of, 122, 125–126

Data Elements for Emergency Department Systems (DEEDS), 47

Data for measuring firearms violence and ownership, 18–52

general objectives for developing useful research data, 42–48

a patchwork of data sets, 20–42

sources of, 15–16

Data on firearms ownership, use, and markets, 34–42

administrative and convenience samples, 37–41

proxy measures of ownership, 41–42

surveys, 34–37

Data on violence and crime, 20–34

National Crime Victimization Survey, 21, 30

National Incident-Based Reporting System, 32–33

National Violent Death Reporting System, 33–34

selected sources of firearm data, 22–31

Uniform Crime Reports, 31–32

Data recommendations, 3–5

emerging data systems on violent events, 3

methodological approaches, 4–5

ownership data, 4

Data systems, 194–195

David and Lucile Packard Foundation, 13

DEEDS. See Data Elements for Emergency Department Systems

Defensive gun use (DGU), 6–7, 103–114

comparing sampling design of the NCVS and NSDS, 104

coverage in, 105–108

recommendations on, 6–7

response problems in firearms use surveys, 108–114

Demand, for illegal firearm acquisition, 84–85

Denning, Brannon P., 286

Deterrence and defense recommendations, 6–7

defensive gun use, 6–7

right-to-carry laws, 7

Deterrence approach, applications of pulling-levers focus, 240–241

DGU. See Defensive gun use

Dimension reduction, 308n

Dimensionality, curse of, 305

Direct causality framework, 153

Disaggregate property crimes, estimates of percentage change in, 148

Disaggregate violent crimes, estimates of percentage change in, 146–147

Dissent, 18, 269–271

Committee’s response to Wilson’s, 18, 272–275

Distribution of firearms ownership, 59

District of Columbia

handgun ban to reduce criminal access to firearms in, 97–98

Personal Protection Act, 279

Drug Use Forecasting (DUF) program, 40

Due Process Clause, of the Fourteenth Amendment, 288

DUF. See Drug Use Forecasting program

Duggan’s results, 128–129

Dummy variable model, 123–124, 130–133

with common time pattern, 123, 126–127, 140–141

with “region-interacted time pattern model,” 123

Duncan v. Louisiana, 288



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