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Observed or Predicted Toxicity

Classa

Other Comments

Hemorrhagic

A

Only seeds are toxic

Muscle and respiratory failure, death

A

 

Gastrointestinal, circulatory

B

Fruits and roots are toxic

A. racemosa syn. Cimcifuga racemosa (black cohosh)

Hepatotoxic, carcinogenicity

A

 

Photosensitization, hepatotoxic

B

 

Gastroenteritis, coma, death

A

 

Hemorrhagic

B

 

Gastritis, vomiting, diarrhea

C

 

Hepatotoxic, carcinogenic

A

 

Convulsant

A

 

Hepatotoxic, carcinogenic

A

 

Gastroenteritis, death

B

 

Coagulapathy, photosensitization

C

 

Cardiotoxic, death

A

 

Carcinogenic

A

Usually mixed with other plants

Dropsy, glaucoma, death

A

 

Numbness of mouth and throat

B

Common household plant

Nephrotoxicity, carcinogenic

A

All species

Goitrogenic, death

B

Only in exceptionally large amounts

Gastrointestinal, coma

C

 

Cardiotoxic, coma

A

 

Abortifacient, neurotoxic; teratogenic

Respiratory failure, death

Anorexia, emaciation, neurotoxicity, death

A

Variable toxicity depending on species

Hepatotoxic, nephrotoxic

A

 

Anticholinergic

A

 

Anoxia

A

 

Gastrointestinal

B

Variable toxicity based on species

Hepatotoxic, nephrotoxic

C

Large amounts in livestock

Teratogenic, respiratory failure, death

A

 



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