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Primary Genera of Concern

Family

Compounds and Compound

Classes Implicated in Toxicity

Phoradendron

Loranthaceae

Pressor amines

Physostigma

Fabaceae

Physostigmine (eserine)

Phytolacca

Phytolaccaceae

Saponins

Pilocarpus

Rutaceae

Pilocarpine

Pinus

Pinaceae

Labdane diterpene acids

Podophyllum

Berberidaceae

Podophyllotoxin-type lignans

Polygonatum

Liliaceae

Steroidal saponins

Prosopsis

Fabaceae

Indouizidine alkaloids,

β-nitropropionic acid, tyramine

Prunusb

Rosaceae

Cyanogenic glycosides

Psilostrophe

Asteraceae

Unknown

Pteridium

Polypodiaceae

Ptaquiloside

Ranunculus

Ranunculaceae

Protoanemonin

Rheumb

Polygonaceae

Oxalates, nitrates, anthraquinones

Rhododendron

Ericaceae

Grayanotoxins

Rhodomyrtus

Myrtaceae

Dibenzofurans

Ricinus

Euphorbiaceae

Ricin

Robinia

Fabaceae

Abrin

Rudbeckia

Asteraceae

Unknown

Rumex

Polygonaceae

Oxalates, nitrates

Sambucus

Caprifoliaceae

Cyanogenic

Sanguinaria

Papaveraceae

Sanguinarine

Saponaria

Caryophyllyaceae

Unknown

Sarcobatus

Polygonaceae

Oxalates, nitrates

Sarothamnus

Fabaceae

Sparteine

Sassafras

Lauraceae

Safrole

Scilla

Liliaceae

Cardiac glycosides



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