sues, community-based interventions, and reducing health disparities through studies on testing community prenatal care programs for ethnically diverse women, post-partum depression screening among culturally diverse women, and school-based violence prevention program for ethnically diverse children. She designed several DHSS-HRSA special projects to customize health-care services to immigrant and low-income families across the United States. She has participated in several National Institutes of Health (NIH) initiatives and review groups addressing the health needs of culturally diverse populations, specifically the National Cancer Institute’s (NCI’s) Special Population Networks and NCMH’s Centers for Reducing Health Disparities. A member of the IOM since 1994, she received her Ph.D. in clinical psychology from the University of Arizona, a master’s degree in nursing from the University of Washington, and a bachelor’s degree in nursing from the University of Hawaii.

Eric H. Chudler, Ph.D., is a Research Associate Professor in the Department of Anesthesiology at the University of Washington in Seattle, WA. His current research interests include how Parkinson’s disease affects the brain, how the brain processes pain signals, and how the nervous system reacts to nerve injury. Dr. Chudler creates neuroscience curricula, and provides information to teachers and students (grades K-12) who want to learn more about the nervous system. He also created the Neuroscience for Kids website, funded by the NIH. Dr. Chudler received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from the Department of Psychology at the University of Washington, and received his post-doctoral training from the NIH. He was also an Instructor in the Department of Neurosurgery at the Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston.

Marilyn H. Gaston, M.D., is a past Assistant Surgeon General of the United States and Director of the Bureau of Primary Health Care of the Health Resources and Services Administration. Her career has focused on improving the health of poor and minority families through the delivery of quality primary patient care through the provision of medical education, involvement in clinical research, and the administration of local and federal programs directed to services to the underserved. Dr. Gaston is internationally recognized for her leadership in sickle cell disease. Through her work at the NIH, changes in management of children with this illness have resulted significantly in decreasing the morbidity and mortality in young children. Elected to the IOM in 1996, she frequently speaks on improving access to quality care, elimination of health disparities, African-American women’s health, sickle cell disease, and the health needs of youths.

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