Americans with Disabilities Act, 158–164, 172, 176, 215

effectiveness, 224, 225

Anthropometric data, 181

Arthritis, 181

Assessment

age-related changes, 100–101

cardiovascular health screening, 205–206

depression, 110

disease screening in health promotion programs, 205

in employee assistance programs, 207

on-the-job blood pressure monitoring, 140

substance abuse, 213

Auto service industry, 49, 50

Automobile operation, 118, 178–179, 189–190

Autonomy and job control, 139, 144

job demands-control model, 142, 145

in lean production, 68

life course, 92

as protective factor, 66, 142, 185

trends, 63–66

B

Baby boom generation, 1, 13, 20–21, 26, 27

Back pain/strain, 54–55, 84, 126, 127, 136

Biomechanical exposure, 6

depression and, 109

high-risk jobs, 146

research needs, 11, 223–224

Blood pressure. See Hypertension

Blue-collar workers, 140–141

employment exit rate patterns, 43

Bone, 104–105, 131–132

Bureau of Labor Statistics, recommendations for, 10, 11, 221, 222, 227

Business cycle effects, 37, 46

C

Cardiovascular disease, 186

conditions of work and, 66, 138–139, 140–142, 143–144

cost of, 138

health promotion intervention, 205–206

incidence trends, 141–142

mortality, 141

Caregiving roles, 93

employee assistance program assistance, 210–211

training for, 202

Caregiving stress

socioeconomic context and, 93

stress, work-related and, 210

Carpal tunnel syndrome, 184

Cellular manufacturing, 5, 67

Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries, 127–128n2

Chemical exposure, 11, 223–224, 229–230

Chronic fatigue syndrome, 111

Cognitive functioning

age-related changes, 113–115

increased experience and expertise, 118–120, 187

mitigation of age-related decrements in, 118–120, 187

perceived control and, 142

training effectiveness, 191

warning recognition, 182–183

work stress effects, 142

See also Mental health

Cohort effects, 20–21, 81

Collective bargaining, 151–152

Communications industry, 49

Comorbidity, 99

research needs, 99

Computer use, 178

Conditions of work, 91–92

collective bargaining, 151–152

gender differences, 84

health effects of, 136–145, 198–199

hours worked, 5, 62–63, 136–137, 140

monitoring, 71–72

psychosocial stress, 63–67, 142–143, 184–185

research needs, 137, 222

work organization systems, 61–62, 67–72, 139

See also Job design/redesign;

Stress, work-related

Contract workers, 16, 136

labor market trends, 57–60

Control. See Autonomy and job control

Current Population Survey, 227



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