parent institution demonstrates ongoing commitment and support [and] makes available resources to enable the program to achieve its mission, philosophy, goals/objectives and expected results”), and curriculum and teaching-learning practices (i.e., “the curriculum is developed in accordance with clear statements of expected results derived from the mission, philosophy, and goals/objectives of the program with clear congruence between the teaching-learning experiences and expected results”) [CCNE, 2002]. With regard to program effectiveness, CCNE standards address student performance and faculty accomplishments (e.g., accomplishments in teaching, scholarship).

CCNE’s program standards do not specifically refer to racial and ethnic diversity among nursing program students and faculty. However, according to Charlotte Beason, chair of the CCNE Board of Commissioners, each nursing program is expected to define and achieve program goals that are consistent with the expectations of the program’s community of interest, which includes health-care consumers.

Commission on Dental Accreditation

The Commission on Dental Accreditation (CDA) “serves the public by establishing, maintaining and applying standards that ensure the quality and continuous improvement of dental and dental-related education and reflect the evolving practice of dentistry” (CDA, 2002, p. 2). CDA accredits over 1,350 dental, advanced dental, and allied dental education programs, 56 of which are D.D.S. or D.M.D. programs. CDA is recognized by the U.S. Department of Education as the sole accreditation agency for dental education programs.

CDA’s Accreditation Standards for Dental Education Programs have been developed to:

  • Protect the public welfare;

  • Guide institutions in developing their academic programs;

  • Provide a vehicle for site visit teams to make judgments as to the quality of the program; and

  • Provide students with reasonable assurance that the program is meeting its stated objectives.

In addition, CDA’s standards were designed to:

  • Improve the assessment of quality in dental education programs;

  • Streamline the accreditation process by including only standards critical to the evaluation of the quality of the educational program;

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