and financial aid, 319, 340

goals of, 11, 127-128, 130, 131-132, 317-319, 335

institutional, 319

and institutional climate, 330-331, 370

and licensing, 332

medical education, see Liaison Committee on Medical Education

monitoring and evaluation of outcomes, 12, 139-141, 319, 326, 332, 336-338, 339

nursing, 128-131, 334-336

and pedagogy, 368

peer review teams, 140

potential to enhance diversity, 127, 132-133, 138-141, 336-339

process, 139-140, 320, 322-323

professionalism and humanistic considerations, 75-76

program, 319

psychology, 11-12, 135-138, 139-140, 333-334, 335

race-conscious policies, 88

recommendations, 12-13, 19, 139, 140-141, 324, 330, 331-332, 336-339

and recruitment and retention of URMs, 12, 132-133, 137-138, 140, 141, 328, 338, 339

roles of accrediting bodies, 11, 138-141, 319, 320-323, 336

sanctions and reinforcement, 13, 140, 141, 332, 340

and social accountability, 11, 323-332, 338, 340

standardized tests and, 258

standard-setting process, 321, 322-323, 330

standards related to diversity, 11-12, 128-138, 236, 332-336

U.S. Department of Education role, 2, 11, 12-13, 127, 128, 129, 130, 131, 133, 138-141, 319-320, 322, 344

Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME), 75, 134-135, 329

Admissions committees

AAMC Expanded Minority Admissions Exercise, 79-80, 261

composition of, 8-9, 77-78, 82, 248-249, 255, 261

demographic characteristics, 77-78, 85

incentives for participation, 78, 85, 204

recommendations, 8-9, 19, 261

training, 8, 78-79, 82, 204, 248-249, 255, 257, 261

Admissions policies and practices

“academic difficulty” considerations, 246

and access to care, 259-260

accreditation standards and, 75-76, 129-130, 133-134, 248, 326-328, 333

affirmative action litigation, 3, 4, 24, 25 n.3, 27, 29, 50, 71, 72-73, 76-77, 79, 81, 145, 239, 240-241, 258, 326-328, 345

applicant pool size and, 242-243

cultural competency considerations, 380

dentistry, 169-170, 251-253

Disadvantaged Status Evaluation Form, 267-268

“distance traveled” considerations, 82, 85, 247-248, 257, 260

eligibility in the local context, 71

evaluation forms, 260, 267-268, 270-272

impacts on diversity, 27, 70, 71-75, 239-242, 326-328

innovative strategies and best practices, 2, 75-83, 254-264, 326

institutional climate and, 83, 145, 146, 160-161, 169-171, 173-174, 249, 251, 256-257, 326, 345, 348

Interview Form, 270-272

MD File and Review Form, 269-270

mission-oriented review, 8, 76-77, 81, 82, 85, 244, 245, 257, 259-260, 263, 338

nursing, 56, 253-255

organizational behavior and, 366

percent plans, 7, 71-75, 84

process, 244-249

psychology, 61, 249-251

qualitative review of applicants, 7-8, 75-76, 79-80, 81, 82-83, 84-85, 170, 204, 245, 246-248, 259-261

race-conscious, 27, 70, 88, 327-328

race-neutral, 7, 27, 71-75, 81, 239-242, 256-257, 258-259, 260, 326-327

recommendations, 8-9, 19, 85, 255-264, 328

and recruitment and retention strategies, 83, 249, 250-251, 253, 254-256, 260, 261-262



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