Native American, and 1 percent classified themselves as multiracial (Figure 1-15). Among 2000 graduates from clinical psychology programs, the largest subfield of practitioners, 5 percent were African American, 7 percent were Hispanic, and less than 1 percent were Native American.
African Americans, American Indians and Alaska Natives, and many Hispanic/Latino populations are grossly underrepresented among the nation’s physicians, nurses, dentists, and psychologists. These populations also experience generally poorer health status and face greater difficulties in accessing health care. Consequently, many health professions leaders have called for an expansion of efforts to increase diversity among health-care professionals as one means of assisting in the effort to increase access to health care for all populations and to close the health gap between minorities and nonminorities.
Recent policy developments, however, have had and may continue to have a significant negative impact on the ability of health professions train-