TABLE B-4 Influences on Children’s Health

Health Measures




I. Children’s biology






1. Genetics






2. Body burdens






3. Biomarkers





4. Body composition






5. Body anthropometry





6. Cardiovascular fitness





7. Blood pressure




II. Children’s behavior






1. Child social behaviors







Peer contacts and support networks







Romantic relationships







Peer pressures/influences













Civic involvement






2. Child health risk behaviors







Smoking/chewing tobacco







Alcohol use/riding drunk







Drug use














Excessive television watching







High-risk sexual activity







Carrying a weapon to school







Perceptions of risk






3. Child health promotion behaviors







Seat belt use






Exercise frequency/intensity







Nutrition adequacy







Getting adequate sleep







Sunscreen use







Use of bicycle/motorcycle helmets







Eye protection during sports






4. Illness management behaviors







Belief in medical care







Compliance with treatments







Attendance of scheduled visits







Parent receipt of health education







Child receipt of health education




III. Social environment





A. Family






1. Family composition and size







Single vs. two-parent families





Family disruption (e.g., divorce)





Maternal age (e.g., teen birth)






Foster care/guardian





Number/spacing of children







Relocation and mobility



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