TABLE B-4 Influences on Children’s Health

Health Measures

NHIS

NHANES

MEPS

I. Children’s biology

 

 

 

 

 

1. Genetics

 

 

 

 

 

2. Body burdens

 

 

 

 

 

3. Biomarkers

 

 

 

 

4. Body composition

 

○●

 

 

 

5. Body anthropometry

 

 

 

 

6. Cardiovascular fitness

 

 

 

 

7. Blood pressure

 

○●

 

II. Children’s behavior

 

 

 

 

 

1. Child social behaviors

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peer contacts and support networks

 

 

 

 

 

 

Romantic relationships

 

 

 

 

 

 

Peer pressures/influences

 

 

 

 

 

 

Employment/volunteering

 

 

 

 

 

Civic involvement

 

 

 

 

 

2. Child health risk behaviors

 

 

 

 

 

 

Smoking/chewing tobacco

 

○●●

 

 

 

 

Alcohol use/riding drunk

 

●●

 

 

 

 

Drug use

 

●●

 

 

 

 

Overeating/undereating/dieting

 

●●

 

 

 

 

Excessive television watching

 

●●

 

 

 

 

High-risk sexual activity

 

●●

 

 

 

 

Carrying a weapon to school

 

 

 

 

 

 

Perceptions of risk

 

 

 

 

 

3. Child health promotion behaviors

 

 

 

 

 

 

Seat belt use

 

 

 

 

 

Exercise frequency/intensity

 

●●

 

 

 

 

Nutrition adequacy

 

●●○

 

 

 

 

Getting adequate sleep

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sunscreen use

 

●●

 

 

 

 

Use of bicycle/motorcycle helmets

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eye protection during sports

●(periodic)

 

 

 

 

4. Illness management behaviors

 

 

 

 

 

 

Belief in medical care

 

 

 

 

 

 

Compliance with treatments

 

 

 

 

 

 

Attendance of scheduled visits

 

 

 

 

 

 

Parent receipt of health education

 

 

 

 

 

 

Child receipt of health education

 

 

 

III. Social environment

 

 

 

 

A. Family

 

 

 

 

 

1. Family composition and size

 

 

 

 

 

 

Single vs. two-parent families

 

 

 

 

Family disruption (e.g., divorce)

 

 

 

 

Maternal age (e.g., teen birth)

 

 

 

 

 

Foster care/guardian

 

 

 

 

Number/spacing of children

 

 

 

 

 

 

Relocation and mobility

 

 



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