FIGURE ES-1 A new model of children’s health and its influences.

understanding is important if cost-effective programs and policy interventions are to be developed, targeted, and implemented to support healthy children.

A National Priority

It is necessary for a single federal-level agency to take lead responsibility for measuring and monitoring children’s health and its influences. The majority of relevant data is collected by offices in the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), the lead federal agency on health issues. This includes the Maternal and Child Health Bureau in the Health Resources and Services Administration, the National Center for Health Statistics and other offices in the Centers for



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