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Appendix C
Agreement on Cooperation in Science, Engineering, and Health between the U.S. National Academies and the Russian Academy of Sciences (2002)

The National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine (hereafter referred to as the U.S. National Academies) and the Russian Academy of Sciences, recognizing the many contributions of international cooperation to the achievement of research, economic, and national security goals, will undertake a series of joint activities during 2002, 2003, and 2004. These activities will build on several decades of interacademy cooperation.

Cooperation pursuant to this agreement will be conducted in areas of mutual interest to the academies. The forms of cooperation may include visits of specialists, exchanges of documents including electronic transfers, technical meetings and workshops, seminars and conferences, and joint studies and research projects. The carrying out of these activities is subject to mutual agreement of the academies and to the availability of funds and appropriate personnel.

Activities currently envisaged for 2002 to 2004 are as follows:

  1. The interacademy seminars and related activities on security and arms control issues will continue to receive high priority.

  2. The academies will establish American and Russian committees that will jointly organize seminars, consultations, and related activities concerning the prevention of terrorism and the mitigation of its consequences.



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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation Appendix C Agreement on Cooperation in Science, Engineering, and Health between the U.S. National Academies and the Russian Academy of Sciences (2002) The National Academy of Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, and the Institute of Medicine (hereafter referred to as the U.S. National Academies) and the Russian Academy of Sciences, recognizing the many contributions of international cooperation to the achievement of research, economic, and national security goals, will undertake a series of joint activities during 2002, 2003, and 2004. These activities will build on several decades of interacademy cooperation. Cooperation pursuant to this agreement will be conducted in areas of mutual interest to the academies. The forms of cooperation may include visits of specialists, exchanges of documents including electronic transfers, technical meetings and workshops, seminars and conferences, and joint studies and research projects. The carrying out of these activities is subject to mutual agreement of the academies and to the availability of funds and appropriate personnel. Activities currently envisaged for 2002 to 2004 are as follows: The interacademy seminars and related activities on security and arms control issues will continue to receive high priority. The academies will establish American and Russian committees that will jointly organize seminars, consultations, and related activities concerning the prevention of terrorism and the mitigation of its consequences.

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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation The academies will continue their program of conferences and consultations concerning approaches to reduce ethnic tensions within multiethnic nations and regions of nations and to reduce international problems rooted in ethnic animosities, with particular attention to the relationships of such problems to global terrorism. The academies will continue to support the study by American and Russian specialists of end points for disposition of nuclear spent fuel and high level radioactive wastes. They will also consider the organization of an interacademy workshop to evaluate the scientific aspects of an international repository in Russia for nuclear spent fuel. The academies will undertake a study of approaches for maintaining adequate security systems for protecting nuclear material after the termination of U.S.-Russian collaborative programs in this field. The academies will carry out projects concerning the capabilities of the two countries to develop knowledge-based economies, including the responsiveness of research institutions to industrial needs for new technologies, the role of NGOs in reducing pollution impacts attendant to industrial development, and the importance of linking universities with research institutions and industrial companies. The Russian Academy of Sciences will continue to facilitate assessments by the U.S. National Academies of project proposals by Russian scientists to collaborate with American scientists on civilian-oriented research on biological pathogens. The academies will continue to encourage American and Russian specialists in fields such as mathematics, physics, chemistry, biology, geosciences, and engineering to apply for participation in the travel grants program administered by the National Research Council. The academies will explore opportunities for cooperation on the following topics of broad international interest: scientific and security concerns in Northeast Asia; strengthening of the economies of science cities; and innovative uses of the internet to improve international scientific cooperation. Other programs of cooperation can be undertaken with the mutual consent of the two Academies.

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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation The financial arrangements for joint activities will be agreed to on a project-by-project basis. All joint activities are subject to the laws and regulations of the two countries. The Office of International Affairs of the National Research Council and the Department of Foreign Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences will serve as the executive agents in the implementation of this agreement. Each year, representatives of the two Academies will review progress in carrying out activities under this Agreement. Done in New York, in duplicate this second day of February 2002, in the English and Russian languages, each text being equally authentic. Bruce Alberts President, National Academy of Sciences Wm. A. Wulf President, National Academy of Engineering Kenneth Shine President, Institute of Medicine Yuri Osipov President, Russian Academy of Sciences