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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation Appendix D Agreement for Scientific Cooperation between the Institute of Medicine of the USA and the Academy of Medical Sciences of the USSR (1988) The Institute of Medicine of the USA and the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, hereinafter called the Parties, Consonant with the General Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Contacts, Exchanges, and Cooperation in Scientific, Technical, Educational, Cultural, and Other Fields, dated November 21,1985, Consonant with the Agreement between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Cooperation in the Medical Sciences and Health, dated May 23, 1972, On the basis of the principles and conditions of the Final Act of the 1975 Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, Confirming the mutual interest in cooperation shared by both Parties, Believing that the rapid progress in science today calls for an enhanced interaction between scientists from both countries based on cooperation by outstanding working scientists in fields in the forefront of science in which the two countries are world leaders, Recognizing that it is the special responsibility of the Parties to investigate avenues for mutual beneficial scientific communication and cooperation in nonsensitive fields between the scientists of their countries, While allowing the program to be responsive to the requirement and concerns of the two Parties,
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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation Believing that criteria for selection of fields for cooperation should include the following: A. The fields are of major scientific importance holding prospects for significant advance; B. US and Soviet research efforts are in the vanguard and the respective leading scientists would be able to participate actively in cooperation in these fields, Agree upon the following: Article I Cooperation in medical science will be carried out on the basis of programs agreed upon by the Parties in the following forms: Mutual scientific research Exchange visits of research scientists and delegations, Bilateral workshops, seminars, symposia, and lectures, Participation of specialists of both countries in international activities hosted by the Parties, Exchange of scientific information. Article II Consultations of the Presidents and their designated representatives of the Parties shall take place, alternately in the USA and the USSR, at least once a year for the purpose of selecting the fields for cooperation, defining the program, and evaluating progress in implementing the program. Also, there will be discussions of the problems of and opportunities for US-USSR cooperation in areas within the purview of the Parties, and consideration will be given to steps which can be taken by the Parties to contribute to a favorable environment for scientific cooperation. Article III The quota for the exchange of individual scientists will initially be 12 person-months annually. The quota will be reviewed at the annual Meetings of Representatives. In using the quota, preference will be given to the priority fields identified during the Meetings of Representatives.
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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation The Parties will encourage exchange visits by members of the Institute and the Academy. Usually such visits will be for two to four weeks for scientific and public lectures and for scientific consultations. Plans for such exchanges will be defined at the Meetings of Representatives. Within this framework, each Party may nominate its members for exchange visits and may invite members of the other Party. Consideration will be given to exchanges of research scientists for periods of one to twelve months to participate in research activities. The scientists may range from distinguished scientists of international stature to scientists in the early stages of their careers. They should be known by their scientific publications or their participation in scientific meetings. Detailed information about the proposed programs and qualifications of the scientists will be sent by the sending Party to the receiving Party four months prior to the proposed visits. At the Meetings of Representatives, consideration will be given to bilateral workshops on subjects of mutual interest outside the quota. Preference will be given to the priority fields identified during the Meetings of Representatives. Topics and co-chairmen from each Party for such workshops will be determined at that time. The co-chairmen will define the location, develop the agenda, and select appropriate participants for each workshop at least six months prior to the date of the workshop. Generally a workshop will last three to five days and may be followed by visits of one or two weeks to scientific institutions in the host country. The number of participants will be about ten from each Party with additional observers from the host Party. Each Party will have the right to publish a report of the workshop in its own language. Areas for possible cooperative research will be explored during the Meetings of Representatives. Such research programs may involve a variety of activities. They may be carried out under the direct auspices of the Parties or may be recommended to other institutions. Article IV The sending Party will provide transportation for visiting scientists to Moscow or Washington, and the receiving Party will cover costs of internal travel and lodging on a reciprocal basis. The appropriate per diem will be determined at the Meetings of Representatives. The sending Party will also provide lodging for dependents accompanying visitors. Emergency medical and dental care will be provided by the receiving Party. The receiving Party
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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation will also cover reasonable costs of materials required for fulfillment of agreed research programs. Article V The receiving Parties will facilitate the timely issuance of visas to the exchange scientists and their dependents. The receiving Parties will also seek to ensure that the exchange scientists are provided with the necessary documentation for timely departure from the host country, particularly in case of emergency. Article VI The Parties may extend or support invitations to scientists of the other Party for special visits, including attendance at national and international conferences and visits to research institutions. The Parties may request the good offices of the other Party to arrange private visits by scientists to scientific institutions in the other country. Financial arrangements for these types of activities will be considered on a case-by-case basis. This Agreement shall enter into force after being signed by both Parties and shall be valid for a period of five years; at the end of five years, if both Parties agree, it may be extended. Done in Moscow on January 15, 1988, in two versions, in Russian and in English, both versions authentic. Samuel O. Thier President For the Institute of Medicine USA Valentin I. Pokrovsky President For the Academy of Medical Sciences USSR
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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation Excerpt from Memorandum Signed at the Time of Signature of the Foregoing Agreement The initial Program will be drawn from among the following themes: Biological and Behavioral Sciences Aspects of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse; Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV): Biology, Epidemiology, Prevention, and Treatment; Surveillance and Diagnostic Methods for Polio Suppression; Basic Biology and Development of Poliovirus Vaccine; Molecular Epidemiology of Polio; Health Effects of Ionizing Radiation Releases into the Environment.
Representative terms from entire chapter: