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Appendix J
Personnel Trends in the Russian Academy of Sciences

Number of Scientists by Degree

 

1991

2001

Doctors of science

7,976

9,307

Candidates of science

29,810

26,415

Other scientists

27,651

17,998

Average Age of Scientists

 

1991

2000

Academicians

68.2

70.0

Corresponding members

62.7

64.5

Doctors

55.4

58.3

Candidates

45.5

48.5

Other

38.4

40.2

University Graduates Accepted by Academy Institutes

1991

1994

1997

2001

2,130

1,136

1,894

2,273

Graduate Students at Academy Institutes

 

1991

2000

Total

6,141

7,601

Affiliated with industry

3,477

6,012



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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation Appendix J Personnel Trends in the Russian Academy of Sciences Number of Scientists by Degree   1991 2001 Doctors of science 7,976 9,307 Candidates of science 29,810 26,415 Other scientists 27,651 17,998 Average Age of Scientists   1991 2000 Academicians 68.2 70.0 Corresponding members 62.7 64.5 Doctors 55.4 58.3 Candidates 45.5 48.5 Other 38.4 40.2 University Graduates Accepted by Academy Institutes 1991 1994 1997 2001 2,130 1,136 1,894 2,273 Graduate Students at Academy Institutes   1991 2000 Total 6,141 7,601 Affiliated with industry 3,477 6,012

OCR for page 133
Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation Pay Levels Compared with Those of Other Sectors (academy is 100)   1991 2000 Other scientific institutions 110 120 Industry 210 125 Construction 240 160 Overall economy 175 100 Use of Budgetary Resources Fundamental research 73.8% Applied research 14.2% Development 12.0% Source: Rossiskaya Akademiya Nauk 1991–2001 (2002).