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References

Ailes, C. P., and A. E. Pardee. 1984. The U.S.-USSR Agreement on Cooperation in the Fields of Science and Technology: Review and Evaluation. SRI International, Washington, D.C. March.

Alexeev, M., and L. Walker, eds. 1991. Estimating the Size of the Soviet Economy. Summary of a Meeting. Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education and Office of International Affairs. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Allakhverdov, A., and V. Pokrovsky. 2003. Academy plucks best biophysicists from a sea of mediocrity. Science (February 14): 994.


Balzer, H. 1989. Soviet Science on the Edge of Reform. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press.

Byrnes, R. F. 1976. Soviet-American Academic Exchanges, 1958–1975. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Centre for Science Research and Statistics. 2003. Russian Science and Technology at a Glance, 2002. Moscow.


Dezhina, I. 1999. The International Science Foundation. New York: International Science Foundation.

Donahue, Thomas M., ed. 1991. Planetary Sciences, American and Soviet Research. Proceedings from the US-USSR Workshop on Planetary Sciences, January 2–6, 1989. Academy of Sciences of the USSR and National Academy of Sciences. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.


Garrett, T. 1988. Soviet Science and Technology—A New Era? Department of Trade and Industry, London. February.

Gokhberg, L. 1997. Russian R&D: A Sectoral Analysis. Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex. July.

Gokhberg, L., and I. Kutnetsova. 2001. Technological Innovation in Industry and Services. Centre for Science Research and Statistics, Moscow.



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Scientists, Engineers, and Track-Two Diplomacy: A Half-Century of U.S.-Russian Interacademy Cooperation References Ailes, C. P., and A. E. Pardee. 1984. The U.S.-USSR Agreement on Cooperation in the Fields of Science and Technology: Review and Evaluation. SRI International, Washington, D.C. March. Alexeev, M., and L. Walker, eds. 1991. Estimating the Size of the Soviet Economy. Summary of a Meeting. Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education and Office of International Affairs. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Allakhverdov, A., and V. Pokrovsky. 2003. Academy plucks best biophysicists from a sea of mediocrity. Science (February 14): 994. Balzer, H. 1989. Soviet Science on the Edge of Reform. Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press. Byrnes, R. F. 1976. Soviet-American Academic Exchanges, 1958–1975. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Centre for Science Research and Statistics. 2003. Russian Science and Technology at a Glance, 2002. Moscow. Dezhina, I. 1999. The International Science Foundation. New York: International Science Foundation. Donahue, Thomas M., ed. 1991. Planetary Sciences, American and Soviet Research. Proceedings from the US-USSR Workshop on Planetary Sciences, January 2–6, 1989. Academy of Sciences of the USSR and National Academy of Sciences. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press. Garrett, T. 1988. Soviet Science and Technology—A New Era? Department of Trade and Industry, London. February. Gokhberg, L. 1997. Russian R&D: A Sectoral Analysis. Science Policy Research Unit, University of Sussex. July. Gokhberg, L., and I. Kutnetsova. 2001. Technological Innovation in Industry and Services. Centre for Science Research and Statistics, Moscow.

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