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The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement - Special Report 279 � � � � � � Study Committee Biographical Information Mortimer L. Downey, Chair, is President of PBConsult, Inc., the management consulting subsidiary of Parsons Brinckerhoff. Prior to joining PBConsult, he was Deputy Secretary of Transportation from 1993 to 2001. In this position he was the Department of Transportation’s Chief Operating Officer. He also served on the President’s Management Council, as Chairman of the National Science and Technology Council Committee on Transportation Research and Development, and as a member of the Board of Directors of Amtrak. Previously, he was Executive Director and Chief Financial Officer of New York’s Metropolitan Transportation Authority, the nation’s largest independent public authority. He is well known for developing innovative solutions to complex public policy

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The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement - Special Report 279 � � � � � � issues and has championed a systemwide approach to transportation decision making. He serves as the chairman of the Board of Directors of the National Academy of Public Administration and as a board member of the Eno Transportation Foundation. He received the Frank Turner Lifetime Achievement Award, which is cosponsored by a number of transportation organizations and administered by the Transportation Research Board (TRB); the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Public Transportation Association; and the Leadership Award from ITS America. He was a member of the National Academies’ Committee on Science and Technology for Countering Terrorism. William O. Gray is President of Gray Maritime Company, a marine consultant whose primary clients are tanker owners and other shipowners and builders. He began his career with the U.S. Navy and then moved to Bethlehem Steel Company, the world’s largest shipbuilder at the time. Subsequently, he went to Exxon Corporation, where he became manager of tanker research and supervised the development of large petroleum and liquefied natural gas tankers and their pollution prevention and safety measures. He was hired to manage the fleet of the Skaarup Oil Corporation in 1987. In 1994, he formed Gray Maritime Company. He has served as a council member of the International Association of Independent Tanker Owners, as Trustee of the Webb Institute, and as a member of the American Bureau of Shipping Council. He was a member of the National Academies’ Committee on Implementing Advanced Information Systems for Safe and Efficient Maritime Commerce and was Vice Chair of the Committee on Tank Vessel Design. He is a Life Fellow and Land Medalist of the Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers. He earned a B.S. in mechanical engineering from Yale University and a B.S.E. in naval architecture from the University of Michigan. Elvin R. Heiberg III is President of Heiberg Associates, Inc. He is former Chief of Engineers for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. He served for 35 years in the corps, with responsibilities in environmental engineering, privatization of infrastructure, government acquisition of engineering and construction services, and water- and harbor-related projects.

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The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement - Special Report 279 � � � � � � He served on the TRB Executive Committee, the Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems, and the Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment. He chaired the Federal Facilities Council and was a member of the Board of Army Science and Technology. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1995 and was cited for professional and managerial contributions to civil, environmental, and space technology. Thomas D. Hopkins is Dean of the College of Business at Rochester Institute of Technology. He was previously on the faculties of American University and Bowdoin College and taught regulatory policy at the University of Maryland’s School of Public Affairs. In the early 1980s, he was Deputy Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs in the federal Office of Management and Budget. His research interest is in analyzing the impact of regulatory policy on businesses. He consulted for the Office of Technology Assessment on studies of alternative user fees and other benefit charges for financing infrastructure. He has examined the costs associated with ship design regulation and was a member of the Marine Board’s Committee on Tank Vessel Design and TRB’s Committee for the Study of Public Policy for Surface Freight Transportation. He earned a Ph.D. in economics from Yale University. Geraldine Knatz is the Managing Director of Development for the Port of Long Beach, California. Appointed to her current position in March 1999 after 11 years as planning director, she now oversees the port’s engineering, properties, and planning divisions. She directed the port’s reuse planning for the former Long Beach naval complex and has been involved in the Alameda Corridor rail improvement project since its inception in the early 1980s. She is active in the American Association of Port Authorities and chairs its Harbor and Navigation Committee, which deals with dredging and environmental issues. In 1994, she was appointed to the National Sea Grant Panel, which oversees certification and funding of sea grant colleges. She is a member of the National Academies’ Committee on an Assessment of U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Methods of Analysis and Peer Review for Water Resources Project Planning. She received an

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The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement - Special Report 279 � � � � � � M.S. degree in environmental engineering and a Ph.D. in biological sciences from the University of Southern California. Thomas D. Larson is a transportation consultant and was Administrator of the Federal Highway Administration from 1989 to 1993. He served as Secretary of Transportation for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania from 1979 to 1987. Before entering the government, he was Institute Professor of Civil Engineering at Pennsylvania State University and Director of the Pennsylvania Transportation Institute. Dr. Larson is a past Chairman of the TRB Executive Committee and the Strategic Highway Research Program Executive Committee and served as President of the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials. He received the Frank Turner Lifetime Achievement Award in 2003. Dr. Larson was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 1985. Sally Ann Lentz is the Executive Director and General Counsel of Ocean Advocates, Clarksville, Maryland, a national, nonprofit environmental organization that promotes marine policy positions within the U.S. government and international organizations. She develops and coordinates policy positions for coalitions of domestic and international environmental organizations on shipping, coastal, and marine issues. She represents these organizations at international conventions related to oil pollution from tanker accidents. Ms. Lentz is a member of the District of Columbia and Maryland Bar Associations and has served as a member of U.S. environmental delegations to the International Maritime Organization. She is a member of the Marine Board and served on the Committee on Tank Vessel Design and the Committee for Evaluating Double Hull Tanker Design Alternatives. She earned a B.A. from Oberlin College and a J.D. from the University of Maryland. Henry S. Marcus is Professor of Marine Systems and Chairman of the Ocean Systems Management Program in the Ocean Engineering Department of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He was previously Naval Sea Systems Command Professor of Ship Acquisition and

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The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement - Special Report 279 � � � � � � Chairman of the Graduate Program in Shipbuilding and Shipbuilding Management. His research has focused on competition issues in the container and charter shipping markets, marine freight infrastructure needs, competition among ports, and the impact of changes in technology on the shipping industry. He has served on a number of National Academies’ committees, has chaired the Committee on Tank Vessel Design, and was a member of the Committee on Productivity of Marine Terminals and the Committee for a Study of the Effects of Regulatory Reform on Technological Innovation in Marine Container Shipping. He earned a B.S. from Webb Institute of Naval Architecture, two M.S. degrees from MIT, and a doctorate in business administration from Harvard University. James R. McCarville is Executive Director of the Port of Pittsburgh Commission. The Pittsburgh Port District, which spans 11 counties, encompasses more than 200 miles of commercially navigable waterways in southwestern Pennsylvania. The port complex supports more than 200 river terminals and barge industry service suppliers and is served by three major railroads and four Interstate highways. Mr. McCarville has 30 years of port experience, having previously served as executive director of ports in Superior, Wisconsin, and Richmond, Virginia. He has directed the Port of Pittsburgh Commission since 1994. From 1990 to 1993, he was a private consultant, advising governments in Brazil, Uruguay, and Mexico on port organization, operational efficiency, and privatization. He also advised Panama and the U.S. government on the strategic transition plan for the operational transfer of the Panama Canal. He is chairman of Inland Rivers’ Ports and Terminals and a member of the U.S. Secretary of Transportation’s Marine Transportation System National Advisory Council. He earned a B.A. degree from Denver’s Regis College and master’s degrees in foreign service and urban studies from Georgetown University and Roosevelt University, respectively. Reginald E. McKamie, Sr., is a private attorney active in the Maritime Law Association of the United States. He has served as lead counsel for the Port of Houston Authority in major oil spill cases and worked for

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The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement - Special Report 279 � � � � � � Exxon Shipping Company as Assistant Fleet Manning Supervisor and Senior Financial Specialist. He is licensed as an Unlimited Master Mariner and served as Captain of the S/S Exxon North Slope, S/S Exxon Philadelphia, and S/S Exxon Benicia. He is also a certified public accountant and has worked for the accounting firm of Cook & Robinson. He is a member of the American, Texas, and Houston Bar Associations; Council of American Master Mariners; American Institute of Certified Public Accountants; and the Texas and Houston chapters of the Texas Society of Certified Public Accountants. He is currently a member of the Marine Board. He earned a B.S. degree from the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy, an M.B.A. from the University of Southern California, and a J.D. from the University of Houston. Richard R. Mudge is Vice President of Delcan, Inc., a transportation consulting firm that specializes in project management, contracting, and finance. He was previously a senior advisor to ICF Consulting, Inc., and President of the Compass Services division of U.S. Wireless and was responsible for developing transportation applications for the company’s network. He was a cofounder and Chairman of the Board of Apogee Research, a transportation consulting firm that later merged with Hagler Bailly. While serving as Senior Vice President of Hagler Bailly and head of the firm’s transportation practice, he was responsible for developing innovative finance techniques that merge funding from public and private sources. Earlier in his career, he was chief of the public investment unit for the Congressional Budget Office, where he directed the organization’s advice to Congress on transportation. He served as a member of the ITS America Coordinating Council, chairing its Committee on Benefits Evaluation and Costs. He earned Ph.D. and M.A. degrees in regional economics from the University of Pennsylvania and a B.A. in geography from Columbia College. Robert C. North is President of North Star Maritime, Inc., which specializes in consulting in merchant marine safety, port safety and security, waterway management, merchant marine personnel qualifications and

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The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement - Special Report 279 � � � � � � training, and marine environmental protection. He served for 34 years as a commissioned officer in the U.S. Coast Guard and retired as a rear admiral. He led the public–private effort, which involved 14 federal agencies and industry stakeholders, to develop the concept of a marine transportation system. He also directed the creation of “Qualship 21,” a unique incentives program to enhance safety and environmental protection among foreign vessels calling in U.S. ports. He holds a B.S. degree in marine engineering from the State University of New York Maritime College. John B. Torgan is the Narragansett Bay Keeper with Save the Bay in Providence, Rhode Island. He leads the organization’s program to protect the environmental integrity of the bay and its tributaries through sampling, research, and education. He develops outreach activities and other communications programs to bring problems to the attention of the public. He has also conducted research on wildlife habitats in the region and provided testimony on ecological issues. Before assuming his current position, he conducted ecological research and field studies in New York and Michigan, as well as fishery studies in rivers near hydroelectric dams. He served on the TRB Committee for a Workshop on Environmental Windows for Dredging Projects and the Marine Board’s Tank Vessel Lightering Committee. He cochaired the Regional Risk Assessment Team for the U.S. Coast Guard’s District 1. He earned a B.S. degree in environmental studies and biology from Union College. Robert C. Waters is Professor in the School of Engineering Management, George Washington University. His research interests include R&D management, productivity, economic analysis, water resources, transportation management, and technological change and innovation. He began his academic career at the University of Missouri–Rolla in 1972 as Associate Professor of Engineering Management. In 1976, he was assigned to the U.S. Water Resources Council as Chairman of the Economics Committee. He joined George Washington University in 1979. He has written extensively on the effect of federal regulations on

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The Marine Transportation System and the Federal Role: Measuring Performance, Targeting Improvement - Special Report 279 � � � � � � the ability of the U.S. maritime sector to compete. Prior to his academic career, he was Vice President of Engineering and Management Sciences Corporation, a management consulting firm specializing in transportation. He also worked for 4 years on the Los Angeles waterfront as a longshoreman and marine clerk. He earned a bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering from the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA), an M.B.A. from UCLA, and a Ph.D. in business economics from the University of Southern California.