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Atlantic Salmon in Maine
ment must include mechanisms for limiting access, resolving conflicting uses, ensuring habitat protection, and ensuring adequate enforcement. It must also promote legitimacy among resource users, as well as compliance and a willingness to exchange information with biologists monitoring the resource (Pinkerton 1994). Where comanagement is deemed to be desirable and needed and where it is possible and feasible to move in this direction, other requirements for successful comanagement also include the presence of appropriate local and government institutions, trust between actors, legal protection of local rights, and economic incentives for local communities to conserve the resource (Berkes 1997). As indicated by the ecology of governance for Atlantic salmon in Maine, there has been a history of delegation of responsibility and resources to lower levels of government and to NGOs related to salmon and their environments. The current management frameworks need to be investigated to see what has worked and what has not worked and whether it would be feasible and appropriate to increase the level of comanagement related to salmon and their habitats.