City’s Watershed Management Strategy (1997–1999). He also serves as co-chair of the Quabbin Science and Technical Advisory Committee for the largest component of the metropolitan Boston system water supply.

IAN A. FLEMING is an associate professor of diadromous and marine fish ecology at the Hatfield Marine Science Center of Oregon State University. He is also adjunct professor at the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research in Trondheim, Norway, where he worked for a decade before moving to Oregon in 2001. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Toronto. His research integrates perspectives from ecology and evolution with fishery and conservation biology and his areas of expertise include salmonid behavioral and evolutionary ecology, reproduction, life history, maternal effects, and population biology. He has written extensively on interactions of hatchery and farm salmon with wild salmon in the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. He currently serves on the Northwest Power Planning Council’s Artificial Propagation Assessment Committee and is a member of several professional societies, including the Society for the Study of Evolution, the International Society for Behavioral Ecology, and the American and British Fisheries Societies.

MART R. GROSS is a professor of conservation biology at the University of Toronto. He earned his Ph.D. in biology from the University of Utah and was a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Washington and a professor from 1982 to 1987 at Simon Fraser University in British Columbia. He has been at the University of Toronto since 1987. His research focuses on the conservation biology of fishes through the study of their evolution, ecology, behavior, and genetics. His current research includes colonization of the Great Lakes by exotic Pacific salmon (Chinook and coho), colonization of Chile by introduced salmonids, evaluation of the Living Gene Bank Program for wild steelhead in British Columbia, and development of alternative breeding designs for maintaining genetic quality in captive fish populations. He has published extensively on Atlantic salmon and Pacific salmon conservation issues involving hatcheries and fish farms. In addition to his university position, Dr. Gross is appointed by the Canadian government to the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC) as co-chair of Marine Fishes.

LEWIS S. INCZE is a senior research scientist at the University of Southern Maine Bioscience Research Institute in Portland, Maine. He earned his Ph.D. from the University of Washington. His research interests include coupled biological-physical interactions in the oceans; their effects on the spatial and temporal patterns of upper trophic level production; recruitment interactions between organisms, such as feeding relation-

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