Century. The recommendations made by the Research Council draw on three workshops overseen by the DEOS Steering Committee.
In May 2002, a Coastal Ocean Processes (CoOP) workshop took place in Savannah, Georgia. The purposes of the workshop included determining which science is best suited to coastal observing systems and identifying technologies most useful to the Coastal Integrated Observing System. The design criteria suggested included a set of relocatable, or “Pioneer,” arrays that the CoOP considered implementing as part of the OOI coastal component .
In August 2002, a Scientific Cabled Observatories for Time Series (SCOTS) workshop took place in Portsmouth, Virginia. The workshop’s charge included providing “advice on the scientific rationale and implementation of a network of regional cabled observatories” .
In February 2003, a Moored Buoy Working Group met in Santa Fe, New Mexico. During the same month, the President submitted his request for the FY 2004 budget, which did not include MREFC funding for the OOI but did for the first time make out-year requests, including funding for the OOI in FY 2006.
 National Research Council. Enabling Ocean Research in the 21st Century, Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press, p. 1, 2003.
 Ocean Observatories Initiative brochure.
 NRC. Illuminating the Hidden Planet. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 2000.
 Hearing on Ocean Exploration and Observations. Testimony of Dr. Rita R. Colwell, director NSF, before House committees on Resources and Science, July 12, 2001.
 NSF OCE Ocean Sciences at the New Millennium, 2001.
 Minutes, OOSC, January 8-9, 2001, Washington, D.C.
 Minutes, OOSC, June 18-19, 2001, Boulder, Colo.
 Minutes, DEOS-SC April 16-17, 2002, La Jolla, Calif.
 Minutes, DEOS-SC October 3-4, 2002, Washington, D.C.
 SCOTS workshop report, August 26-28, 2002, Portsmouth, Va.
 DEOS website: <www.coreocean.org/DEOS>.
The Polar Aircraft project was required in order to modify three NSF-owned ski-equipped LC-130 aircraft to meet Air Force safety and operability standards. These modifications include engineering, avionics, airframe, safety, and propulsion. Ski-equipped LC-130 aircraft are the backbone of air transport for the US Antarctic Program (USAP) and sup-