. "Appendix C: Histories of Projects Funded by NSF." Setting Priorities for Large Research Facility Projects Supported by the National Science Foundation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press, 2004.
SPSE (SOUTH POLE SAFETY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROJECT)
The South Pole Safety and Environmental project (SPSE) addressed urgent safety concerns at the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station. The project included replacement of the heavy-equipment maintenance facility, the power plant, and fuel-storage facilities.
Approval and Funding History
MREFC funding of $25 million was provided in FY 1997, and an additional $500,000 was provided in FY 2002 to complete the project.
The SPSE received $25 million for FY 1997  to undertake emergency upgrades, including a new garage and shop, new fuel-storage tanks, and a new power plant . Construction for the SPSE began in the Antarctic in the summer of 1998 and proceeded on schedule despite the bitter conditions of the polar environment. The final phase of the project, completion of the new power plant, ended in January 2001 .
SPSM (SOUTH POLE STATION MODERNIZATION)
The South Pole Station Modernization project (SPSM) is a new research station to replace aging facilities at the South Pole. An elevated station will replace the 1975 dome that now houses the US-operated South Pole research facility. Built using a modular design, the new station will house