BaBar experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. His work also focused on radiation monitoring and protection of silicon-based particle detectors. During his time at Stanford, Dr. Meyer received both the Paul Kirkpatrick and Centennial Teaching awards for his work as an instructor of undergraduates. He is a member of the American Physical Society, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Phi Beta Kappa, and the Union of Concerned Scientists.

Donald C. Shapero is director of the National Research Council’s Board on Physics and Astronomy. He received a B.S. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1964 and a Ph.D. from MIT in 1970. His thesis addressed the asymptotic behavior of relativistic quantum field theories. After receiving the Ph.D., he became a Thomas J. Watson postdoctoral fellow at IBM. He subsequently became an assistant professor at American University, later moving to Catholic University and then joining the staff of the NRC in 1975. He took a leave of absence from the NRC in 1978 to serve as the first executive director of the Energy Research Advisory Board at the Department of Energy. He returned in 1979 to serve as special assistant to the president of the National Academy of Sciences. In 1982, he started the Board on Physics and Astronomy (BPA). As BPA director, he has played a key role in many NRC studies, including the two most recent surveys of physics and the two most recent surveys of astronomy and astrophysics. He is a member of the American Physical Society, the American Astronomical Society, and the International Astronomical Union. He has published research articles in refereed journals in high-energy physics, condensed-matter physics, and environmental science.

Richard E. Bissell joined the National Academies in June 1998 as executive director of the Policy Division, now the Policy and Global Affairs Division, and concurrently as director of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy. He most recently headed the organizing secretariat of the World Commission on Dams, a joint initiative of the World Bank and the World Conservation Union. During 1994-1997, he was a founding member and chair of the Inspection Panel, an independent accountability mechanism established by the executive directors of the World Bank to ensure compliance with Bank policies by its management. During the years 1986-1993, he was assistant administrator at the US Agency for International Development, first as head of the Bureau of Policy and Program Coordination and later as head of the Bureau of Research and Development. His B.A. is from Stanford, and his Ph.D. from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University.

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