Recommendation 9.3: The Census Bureau should seek ways to expand researcher access to microdata from and about the 2000 census in order to further understanding of census data quality and social science knowledge. Such data files as the 2000 A.C.E. E-sample and P-sample output files, for example, should be deposited with the Bureau’s Research Data Centers. To help the Bureau evaluate population coverage and data quality in the 2010 census, the Bureau should seek ways—using the experience with the Panel to Review the 2000 Census as a model—to furnish preliminary data, including microdata, to qualified researchers under arrangements that protect confidentiality.

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