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APPENDIX B Biographies of Committee Members RICHARD D. REMINGTON, PH.D., is Vice President for Academic Af- fairs and Dean of the Faculties, University of Iowa Foundation Distin- guished Professor of Preventive Medicine and Environmental Health at the University of Iowa. He was named Interim President of the University in July 1987. From 1974 to 1982 he was Dean and Professor at the University of Michigan School of Public Health. For the preceding 5 years he was Associ- ate Dean for Research and Professor of Biometry at the University of Texas School of Public Health at Houston. His interest in public health and statistics has concentrated primarily on the epidemiology and control of cardiovascular diseases and therapeutic clinical trials. He was Vice President for Research and Vice President for Scientific Councils of the American Heart Association and is Past-President of the Association of Schools of Public Health. Among his honors are the Lasker Award, the Gold Heart Award of the American Heart Association and the honorary degree, Doctor of Science, from the University of Montana. DAVID AXELROD, M.D., has been the Commissioner of Health of New York since January 2, 1979. He joined the staff of the State Health Depart- ment in 1968, when he was appointed Director of the Infectious Disease Center in the Division of Laboratories and Research, and assumed the directorship of the Division of Laboratories and Research in 1977. He also served as special assistant to the Commissioner on drinking water pollutants and as a member of several national panels and subcommittees dealing with environmental hazards. From 1962 to 1968, Dr. Axelrod was a commis- sioned officer in the U.S. Public Health Service, working as a research 203

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204 APPENDIX B scientist in the Laboratory of Biology of Viruses at the National Institutes of Health, Washington, D.C. Dr. Axelrod is a research scientist and an author- ity on environmental toxicology. He was the first to focus state and federal attention on the potential health problems associated with the Love Canal landfill in Niagara Falls and has worked diligently to improve New York State's capability to protect its citizens from environmental health hazards. He has also earned national recognition for his stand on the controversial subject of physician misconduct and discipline and for his innovative health care cost containment initiatives. EULA BINGHAM, PH.D., is the Vice President for Graduate Studies and Research at the University of Cincinnati and is also a Professor of Environ- mental Health in the College of Medicine. From 1972 to 1977 she was the Associate Director of the Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, and from 1977 to 1981 held the position of Assistant Secretary of Labor for the Occupational Safety and Health Ad- ministration, U.S. Department of Labor. She served as a member of the City of Cincinnati's Board of Health from January 1983 to December 1985. In 1980 she received the Rockefeller Foundation Public Service Award and the Julia Jones Award from the American Lung Association. The American Public Health Association has awarded her both the Homer N. Calvert Award (1980) and the Alice Hamilton Award (1984~. She is a member of numerous organizations such as the American Association for Cancer Re- search, the American College of Toxicology (President, 1981), Sigma Xi, and Collegium Ramazzini. Dr. gingham is the author of many papers on chemical carcinogenesis, pulmonary toxicology, and public policy issues and serves on many federal, state, and local advisory committees. JOSEPH BOYLE, M.D., is Executive Vice President of the American Society of Internal Medicine. From 1954 to 1985 he was in the private practice of Internal Medicine and Pulmonology in Los Angeles, Calif. Dur- ing that time he held an appointment as Associate Clinical Professor of Medicine at the University of Southern California School of Medicine and also served as attending physician in medicine and as a consultant to the Department of Surgery at USC-Los Angeles County Medical Center. He served as consultant to numerous committees and departments for the County of Los Angeles and the State of California. Dr. Boyle has also served as a member of the President's Advisory Council on Environmental Quality and is a former Chairman of the Board of Trustees and Past-President of the American Medical Association; a Past-President of the California Medical Association and Los Angeles County Medical Association; and a Past- President of the California Chapter of the American College of Chest

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APPENDIX B 205 Physicians. From 1982 to 1987 he was chairman of the Steering Committee for the Health Policy Agenda for the American People. LESTER BRESLOW, M.D., M.P.H., is Dean Emeritus and Professor, School of Public Health, and Director of Health Services Research, Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, UCLA. Before coming to UCLA, he was with the California State Department of Public Health from 1946 to 1968. He has served as President of the American Public Health Association, of the International Epidemiological Association, and of the Association of Schools of Public Health. In 1959 Dr. Breslow initiated the Human Popula- tion Laboratory in Alameda County, Calif. As a member of the Institute of Medicine, he has served on the Council; as founding Chairman, Board on Health Promotion and Disease Prevention; and on several study projects. In 1979 he became the first editor of the Annual Review of Public Health and has continued in that capacity. Dr. Breslow has been a frequent consultant to the National Cancer Institute, National Heart Institute, Centers for Disease Control, other federal health agencies, and the World Health Organization. TOBY CITRIN, J.D., had a background in law and business when he began a second career in public health through an appointment to Detroit's Board of Health in 1969. Since that time, he has steadily augmented his public health activities, serving on a number of appointed state and local health planning, public health, hospital, and health project boards and commis- sions. During 1974 to 1978, he chaired the Governors Commission to write Michigan's first Public Health Code. He is currently on the faculty of the University of Michigan's School of Public Health, serving as Adjunct Pro- fessor of Public Health Policy and Administration and as Executive Director of the school's new Resource for Public Health Policy. WILLIAM R. ELSEA, M.D., M.P.H., has been Epidemic Intelligence Ser- vice Officer, National Centers for Disease Control; Peace Corps Physician; Deputy Commissioner in Buffalo; Health Director for Lexington, Ky., and Cincinnati, Ohio; and President of the National Association of County Health Officials and of the American Association of Public Health Physi- cians. For the past 12 years he has been Health Commissioner, Fulton County, Atlanta, Gal, and Professor of Community Health, Emory Univer- sity Medical School. JOHN R. EVANS, M.D., D. PHIL., is Chairman and Chief Executive Offi- cer of Allelix Inc., a Canadian biotechnology research and development company active in the fields of health and agriculture. He was founding Dean of the Faculty of Medicine and Vice President of Health Sciences at

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206 APPENDIX B McMaster University in Hamilton from 1965 to 1972. He served as President of the University of Toronto from 1972 to 1978 and subsequently as Director of the Population, Health and Nutrition Department of the World Bank from 1979 to 1983. Dr. Evans is Director of a number of Canadian corpora- tions and serves as Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Rockefeller Foundation. MELVIN M. GRUMBACH, M.D., is the Edward B. Shaw Professor of Pediatrics at the University of California, San Francisco; for more than 20 years he served as Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics. Dr. Grumbach has served on NIH Study Sections, the Board of Scientific Counselors, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, the General Clinical Research Centers Committee, the NIH Advisory Committee for the Evaluation of Endocrinology and Metabolic Diseases, and the Director's Committee for the Review of the NIH Clinical Center. He was a member of Project Future: Task Force on Academic Child Psychiatry, American Acad- emy of Child Psychiatry. Dr. Grumbach is Past-President of the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairmen, the Endocrine Society, the Western Society for Pediatric Research, and the Lawson Wilkins Pedi- atric Endocrine Society. He currently is President of the International Pedi- atric Research Foundation and a member of the International Scientific Council, Foundation Princesse Marie-Christine, Belgium; the Scientific Ad- visory Board, University of Michigan Center for Human Growth and Devel- opment; the Scientific Advisory Board, Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto; the Extramural Review Group, Childrens' Hospital of Los Angeles; and the Institute of Medicine. He is a recipient of the Joseph Mathes Smith Prize, Columbia University; the Borden Award of the American Academy of Pediatrics; and the Robert H. Williams Distinguished Leadership Award of the Endocrine Society. ROBERT J. HAG GERTY, M.D., is President of the William T. Grant Foundation, which supports research on the mental health of school age children. He is Clinical Professor of Pediatrics at Cornell University Medical School, where he administers the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Gen- eral Pediatric Academic Development Program. He is editor of Pediatrics in Review and member of the Institute of Medicine. He was formerly the Roger I. Lee Professor of Health Services at the Harvard School of Public Health and Chairman of the Department of Health Services (which included Mater- nal and Child Health Services), and from 1964 to 1975 was Professor and Chairman of the Department of Pediatrics, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. His initial faculty experience was at Harvard Medical School and Children's Hospital Medical Center, Boston, Mass., where he developed a training and research program in general pediatrics.

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APPENDIX ~ 207 He was President of the American Academy of Pediatrics, 1984-85. He is editor (with M. Green) of Ambulatory Pediatrics (now in its third edition). ROBERT HARMON, M.D., M.P.H., is Director of the Missouri Depart- ment of Health and Clinical Professor of Family and Community Medicine at the University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine. He serves on the Executive Committees of the American College of Preventive Medicine and Association of State and Territorial Health Officials. He is board certified in preventive medicine and has also completed a residency in internal medi- cine. He was formerly Director of Public Health in Maricopa County, Ariz., and President of the National Association of County Health Officials. RUTH KNEE, A.C.S.W., is a Consultant on Long-Term/Mental Health Care. While a Federal Civil Servant (1944-1974), she participated in the development of a number of NIMH and other Public Health Service pro- grams directed toward the expansion of community mental health services, improvement of mental hospitals and institutions for the mentally retarded, the mental health role of health and social welfare agencies, quality assur- ance and financing of health care, and long-term care policies and programs. She has also been a consultant to several federal agencies and private organizations. As one of the founders of NASW, she has served on nu- merous committees, councils, task forces, and the National Board. She has been one of the NASW representatives to the Joint Commission on Inter- professional Affairs since it was organized. She was the NASW liaison member of the National Mental Health Advisory Council from 1977 to 1981. LILLIAN MC CREIGHT, R.N., M.P.H., is Assistant Commissioner and State Director of Public Health Nursing in the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control and Adjunct Professor in the USC School of Public Health. She is Past-President of the Association of State and Territorial Directors of Nursing and represented them in the Consensus Conference on Essentials of Public Health Nursing Practice and Education. She directed South Carolina's search project in Community Long Term Care in its initial year. She is a member of APHA's nominating committee and the National league for Nursing Board of Directors. BEVERLEE MYERS, M.P.H., served until her death in December 1986 as the Professor and Head of the Division of Health Services of the School of Public Health at the University of California, Los Angeles. She was the Director of the California Department of Health Services from 1978 to 1983 and the Deputy Commissioner for Medical Assistance at the New York State Department of Social Services from 1973 to 1976. Professor Myers also served as the Director of the Office of Planning and Evaluation for the

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208 APPENDIX B Assistant Secretary for Health and filled various positions with the U.S. Public Health Service. She was on the Board of Directors with the Alan Guttmacher Institute and with the Western Consortium for Health Profes- sions, a member of the Steering Committee on the American Medical Association's Health Policy Agenda for American People, and a member of the Institute of Medicine. She authored many papers on medical care and public health. BARBARA ROSENKRANTZ, PH.D., is Professor of History of Science in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences and in the Faculty of Public Health at Harvard University. She is Chairman of the Department of History of Science, a member of the Program of Health Policy and Management, and a member of the Institute of Medicine and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. She is the author of books and articles on the history of public health, include a widely cited study Public Health and the State: Changing Views in Massachusetts 1832-1946 (1972~; editor for history of the American Journal of Public Health; and a member of the editorial board of Bulletin of the History of Medicine. She serves on the Executive Council of the Ameri- can Council of Learned Societies as a delegate from the History of Science Society. Her current research focuses on the contributions of the Common- wealth Fund and other twentieth-century foundations for the improvement of public health and services between the two world wars. ROBERT J. RUBIN, M.D., is Executive Vice President for Health Affairs and a Director of ICE Incorporated, a Washington-based consulting firm. From 1981 until 1984, Dr. Rubin was the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the Department of Health and Human Services. Prior to joining the government, he was an Associate Professor of Medicine and Assistant Dean at Tufts University. Currently, Dr. Rubin, a board-certified internist and nephrologist, is a Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine at Georgetown University School of Medicine. LOUISE B. RUSSELL, PH.D., is a Research Professor of Economics at the Institute for Health Care Policy, Rutgers University. Until August 1987, she was a Senior Fellow at the Brookings Institution, where she wrote Is Preven- tion Better Than Cure? (1986) and Evaluating Preventive Care: Report on a Workshop (1987~. She is a member of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force and a member of the Institute of Medicine. HARVEY SLOANE, M.D., is County Judge/Executive for Jefferson County, Ky. He served two terms as Mayor of the city of Louisville- December 1973-November 1977 and January 1982-December 1985. He has served as President of the Kentucky Rural Housing and Development Foun

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APPENDIX B 209 cation, worked for the U.S. Public Health Service in Eastern Kentucky's rural Martin County, and also as a volunteer physician in Vietnam. The creator of Louisville's Emergency Medical Service and Director of the Park-DuValle Neighborhood Health Center, Sloane also served with a 1962 Nutritional Survey Team to Malaysia and continues as a Clinical Associate Professor for the Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, at the University of Louisville. He recently established the first AIDS Task Force study group for Kentucky. HUGH TILSON, M.D., DR. P.H., is the Director, Division of Epid~emiol- ogy, Information and Surveillance, for the Burroughs Wellcome Co., where he has presided over a program of public health services inside the phar- maceutical industry since 1981. From 1972 to 1979, he served as Local Health Officer and Director of Human Services for Multnomah County (including Portland), Oreg., where he created "Project Health," a national model for pooled medical care financing for public clients. From 1979 to 1981, he served as State Health Officer for North Carolina. He has served on clinical and adjunct faculties at the University of Oregon, Duke University, and University of North Carolina, where he is currently Adjunct Professor in the Schools of Medicine, Public Health, and Pharmacy. Dr. Tilson is Past- President of the National Association of County Health Officials and has served for many years as a consultant to the ongoing efforts of colleagues in official state, local, and national public health organizations for Model Standards for Community Preventive Health Services. He is currently fea- ture editor for "Notes From the Field" for the American Journal of Public Health. He is currently a trustee of the American Board of Preventive Medicine. REPRESENTATIVE SARA M. TOWNSEND was elected to the New Hamp- shire House in 1970. Since then she has served in various leadership posi- tions, including 6 years as Majority Whip. Known as a health care activist, her efforts in legislation have resulted in laws on health care and elderly matters. She is a member of the New Hampshire Task Force on Long Term Care and the Alzheimer's Study Committee. Rep. Townsend is on the Board of Directors of the National Council on the Aging and is concluding 3 years as a member of the Executive Committee of the National Conference of State Legislatures. BAILUS WALKER, JR., PH.D., M.P.H., is Professor of Environmental Health and Toxicology at the Graduate School of Public Health Sciences, State University of New York at Albany. From 1983 until 1987, he was Commissioner of Public Health and Chairman of the Public Health Council of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Prior to that he was State Director

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210 APPENDIX B of Public Health for Michigan. He has taught at the Harvard School of Public Health and the University of Michigan. He was formerly Director of the Occupational Health Standards Directorate of the U.S. Department of Labor, where he developed the nation's first policy of the identification and communication of hazardous substance information in the workplace. In 1979 he received the Browning Prize for Disease Prevention for his work in reducing the risk of environmentally provoked diseases in urban centers of the United States. He is President of the American Public Health Associa- tion and is author of Occupational Health Problems Faced by Minority Workers. J. JEROME WILD GEN, M.D., is, and has been, in private practice since 1955 in Kalispell, Mont. From 1970 to the present he has been a Clinical Instructor at the University of Washington School of Medicine in Family Practice. He was President of the American Academy of Family Physicians in 1971-72, on the Council of Medical Education of the American Medical Association from 1974 to 1981, and Vice President of the American Board of Family Practice in 1976. He has been a member of the Institute of Medicine since 1973.