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INTRODUCTION 1 1 The Power Systems Workshop on Nanotechnology for the Intelligence Community was organizer! by the staff at the National Materials Advisory Board (NMAB) of the National Research Council (NRC) and was conducted under the intelligence community Nano-Enabled-Technology Initiative (NETI), administered! by the staff of the Intelligence Technology Innovation Center (ITIC). This interim report summarizes the highlights of the workshop, as directed by the statement of task for the project as a whole; the workshop agenda is given in Appendix A. A follow-on workshop will be conducted to explore sensing and locating technologies; summary notes from that second workshop will also be issued as an interim report. Authored by a single appointed rapporteur attending each workshop, these interim reports are subject to review for accuracy using normal National Academies procedures prior to release. A third and final report will be prepared as a full consensus study by the Committee on Nanotechnology for the Intelligence Community, which was established to assist the intelligence community by exploring the potential for nanotechnology to address key intelligence community needs. This is a summary of workshop proceedings, including the presentations made to the committee and the subsequent discussion. As such, it follows the interests ant! knowledge of the presenters and does not provide a comprehensive analysis of the topics discussed. Nor does this document contain any findings and recommendations of the committee. Rather, this summary, together with the summary of the following workshop on sensing and locating technologies, will provide useful input to the final report, in which the committee will offer its findings and recommendations. The stucly sponsors provided the committee with classified background briefings on ITIC s interest in nanotechnology-enabled opportunities in both the energy/power field and the sensing/Iocating field, in order to provide context for the committee s deliberations. This interim report does not attempt to summarize in detail these classified presentations on intelligence community programs ant! activities. In general terms, the energy/power presentation focused on ITIC s view of opportunities for nanotechnology to improve the performance of rechargeable batteries. The external ciata-gathering portion of the workshop was organizer! in five topic areas, with two or three speakers addressing each topic: 1. 2. 3. Overview of power technologies Nanoscale properties of energy storage materials Device experience

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1 2 Summary of the Power Systems Workshop 4. Manufacturing and material handling considerations 5. Natural power Following the presentations for each topic, there was a brief pane} discussion involving all of the presenters for that topic. The workshop summary below follows this same organizational scheme: for each topic area, the main points of each speaker's presentation are highlighted, followed by a recapitulation of the general discussion. At the end of the workshop, Debra Rolison, a committee member from the Naval Research Laboratory, presenter} the main results of a November 2002 National Science Foundation (NSF) workshop entitled "Approaches to Combat Terrorism: Opportunities for Basic Research in Energy/Power Sources," which featured a subgroup focusing on opportunities for basic research in energy and power sources. A brief summary of her presentation is also inclucled here. Appendix B lists the workshop attendees, and a short biography for each speaker is given in Appendix C. 1