Stavrinides J, Guttman DS. 2004. Mosaic evolution of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Journal of Virology 78(1):76-82.

Subbarao K, Klimov A, Katz J, Regnery H, Lim W, Hall H, Perdue M, Swayne D, Bender C, Huang J, Hemphill M, Rowe T, Shaw M, Xu X, Fukuda K, Cox N. 1998. Characterisation of an avian influenza A (H5N1) virus isolated from a child with a fatal respiratory illness. Science 279:393-6.


Thiel V, Herold J, Schelle B, Siddell SG. 2001. Infectious RNA transcribed in vitro from a cDNA copy of the human coronavirus genome cloned in vaccinia virus. Journal of General Virology 82(Pt 6):1273-81.

Thiel V, Ivanov KA, Putics A, Hertzig T, Schelle B, Bayer S, Weissbrich B, Snijder EJ, Rabenau H, Doerr HW, Gorbalenya AE, Ziebuhr J. 2003. Mechanisms and enzymes involved in SARS coronavirus genome expression. Journal of General Virology 84(Pt 9):2305-15.

Tresnan DB, Levis R, Holmes KV. 1996. Feline aminopeptidase N serves as a receptor for feline, canine, porcine, and human coronaviruses in serogroup I. Journal of Virology 70(12):8669-74.

Tsang KW, Ho PL, Ooi GC, et al. 2003. A cluster of cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. New England Journal of Medicine 348:1977-85.

Tsunemitsu H, El-Kanawati ZR, Smith DR, Reed HH, Saif LJ. 1995. Isolation of coronaviruses antigenically indistinguishable from bovine coronavirus from wild ruminants with diarrhea. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 33(12):3264-9.

Tsunemitsu H, Saif LJ. 1995. Antigenic and biological comparisons of bovine coronaviruses derived from neonatal calf diarrhea and winter dysentery of adult cattle. Archives of Virology 140(7):1303-11.


van der Meer Y, Snijder EJ, Dobbe JC, Schleich S, Denison MR, Spaan WJ, Locker JK. 1999. Localization of mouse hepatitis virus nonstructural proteins and RNA synthesis indicates a role for late endosomes in viral replication. Journal of Virology 73(9):7641-57.

Vennema H, Poland A, Floyd Hawkins K, Pedersen NC. 1995. A comparison of the genomes of FECVs and FIPVs and what they tell us about the relationships between feline coronaviruses and their evolution. Feline Practice 23:40-4.


WHO (World Health Organization). 2003a. Cumulative number of reported probable cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). [Online] Available: http://www.who.int/csr/sarscountry/2003_07_11/en [accessed July 16, 2003].

WHO. 2003b. Case definitions for surveillance of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) [Online] Available: http://www.who.int/csr/sars/casedefinition/en/ [accessed May 1, 2003].

WHO [Online] Available: www.who.int/csr/sars/en/.

WHO. Cumulative Number of reported probable cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). [Online] Available: www.who.int/csr/sars/country/2003_05_20/en/.


Xiao X, Chakraborti S, Dimitrov AS, Gramatikoff K, Dimitrov DS. 2003. The SARS-CoV S glycoprotein: expression and functional characterization. Biochemincal and Biophysical Research Communucations 312(4):1159-64.


Yeager CL, Ashmun RA, Williams RK, Cardellichio CB, Shapiro LH, Look AT, Holmes KV. 1992. Human aminopeptidase N is a receptor for human coronavirus 229E. Nature 357(6377):420-2.

Yokomori K, Lai MM. 1992. Mouse hepatitis virus utilizes two carcinoembryonic antigens as alternative receptors. Journal of Virology 66(10):6194-9.

Yount B, Curtis KM, Baric RS. 2000. Strategy for systematic assembly of large RNA and DNA genomes: transmissible gastroenteritis virus model. Journal of Virology 74(22):10600-11.

Yount B, Curtis KM, Fritz EA, Hensley LE, Jahrling PB, Prentice E, Denison MR, Geisbert TW, Baric RS. 2003. Reverse genetics with a full-length infectious cDNA of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 100(22):12995-3000.

Yount B, Denison MR, Weiss SR, Baric RS. 2002. Systematic assembly of a full-length infectious cDNA of mouse hepatitis virus strain A59. Journal of Virology 76(21):11065-78.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement