Appendix D
Selected Bibliography

OVERVIEW

Berger A, Drosten CH, Doerr HW, Stürmer M, Preiser W. 2004. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS): paradigm of an emerging viral infection. Journal of Clinical Virology. 29(1):13-22.


CDC. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). 2004. Web Page. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/.


Groneberg DA, Zhang L, Welte T, Zabel P, Chung KF. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome: global initiatives for disease diagnosis. QJM. 96(11):845-52.


Lai MM. 2003. SARS virus: the beginning of the unraveling of a new coronavirus. Journal of Biomedical Science. 10(6:2):664-75.

Lingappa JR, McDonald LC, Simone P, Parashar UD. 2004. Wresting SARS from uncertainty. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-1032.htm.


Peiris JSM, Yuen KY, Osterhaus ADME, Stöhr K. 2003. The severe acute respiratory syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 349(25):2431-2441.


SARS Expert Committee. SARS in Hong Kong: From Experience to Action. Hong Kong (SAR), China: Hong Kong Government; 2003. Available at: http://www.sars-expertcom.gov.hk/english/reports/reports.html.


WHO. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). 2004. Web Page. Available at: http://www.who.int/csr/sars/en/.



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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Appendix D Selected Bibliography OVERVIEW Berger A, Drosten CH, Doerr HW, Stürmer M, Preiser W. 2004. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS): paradigm of an emerging viral infection. Journal of Clinical Virology. 29(1):13-22. CDC. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). 2004. Web Page. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/. Groneberg DA, Zhang L, Welte T, Zabel P, Chung KF. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome: global initiatives for disease diagnosis. QJM. 96(11):845-52. Lai MM. 2003. SARS virus: the beginning of the unraveling of a new coronavirus. Journal of Biomedical Science. 10(6:2):664-75. Lingappa JR, McDonald LC, Simone P, Parashar UD. 2004. Wresting SARS from uncertainty. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-1032.htm. Peiris JSM, Yuen KY, Osterhaus ADME, Stöhr K. 2003. The severe acute respiratory syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 349(25):2431-2441. SARS Expert Committee. SARS in Hong Kong: From Experience to Action. Hong Kong (SAR), China: Hong Kong Government; 2003. Available at: http://www.sars-expertcom.gov.hk/english/reports/reports.html. WHO. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). 2004. Web Page. Available at: http://www.who.int/csr/sars/en/.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary ORIGIN AND SPREAD Booth CM, Matukas LM, Tomlinson GA, Rachlis AR, Rose DB, Dwosh HA, Walmsley SL, Mazzulli T, Avendano M, Derkach P, Ephtimios IE, Kitai I, Mederski BD, Shadowitz SB, Gold WL, Hawryluck LA, Rea E, Chenkin JS, Cescon DW, Poutanen SM, Detsky AS. 2003. Clinical features and shortterm outcomes of 144 patients with SARS in the greater Toronto area. JAMA. 289(21):2801-9. [Erratum appears in JAMA. 2003. 290(3):334.] Drosten C, Gunther S, Preiser W, van der Werf S, Brodt HR, Becker S, Rabenau H, Panning M, Kolesnikova L, Fouchier RA, Berger A, Burguiere AM, Cinatl J, Eickmann M, Escriou N, Grywna K, Kramme S, Manuguerra JC, Muller S, Rickerts V, Sturmer M, Vieth S, Klenk HD, Osterhaus AD, Schmitz H, Doerr HW. 2003. Identification of a novel coronavirus in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 348(20): 1967-76. Hsu LY, Lee CC, Green JA, Ang B, Paton NI, Lee L, Villacian JS, Lim PL, Earnest A, Leo YS. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Singapore: clinical features of index patient and initial contacts. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 9(6). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol9no6/03-0264.htm. Ksiazek TG, Erdman D, Goldsmith CS, Zaki SR, Peret T, Emery S, Tong S, Urbani C, Comer JA, Lim W, Rollin PE, Dowell SF, Ling AE, Humphrey CD, Shieh WJ, Guarner J, Paddock CD, Rota P, Fields B, DeRisi J, Yang JY, Cox N, Hughes JM, LeDuc JW, Bellini WJ, Anderson LJ, SARS Working Group. 2003. A novel coronavirus associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome. New England Journal of Medicine. 348(20):1953-66. Kuiken T, Fouchier RA, Schutten M, Rimmelzwaan GF, van Amerongen G, van Riel D, Laman JD, de Jong T, van Doornum G, Lim W, Ling AE, Chan PK, Tam JS, Zambon MC, Gopal R, Drosten C, van der Werf S, Escriou N, Manuguerra JC, Stohr K, Peiris JS, Osterhaus AD. 2003. Newly discovered coronavirus as the primary cause of severe acute respiratory syndrome. Lancet. 362(9380):263-70. Lee N, Hui D, Wu A, Chan P, Cameron P, Joynt GM, Ahuja A, Yung MY, Leung CB, To KF, Lui SF, Szeto CC, Chung S, Sung JJ. 2003. A major outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. New England Journal of Medicine. 348(20):1986-94. Liang W, Zhu Z, Guo J, Liu Z, He X, Zhou W, Chin DP, Schucat A, Beijing Joint SARS Expert Group. 2004. Severe acute respiratory syndrome, Beijing, 2003. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(1). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol10no1/03-0553.htm. Peiris JS, Lai ST, Poon LL, Guan Y, Yam LY, Lim W, et al. 2003. Coronavirus as a possible cause of severe acute respiratory syndrome. Lancet. 361(9366): 1319-25.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Poutanen SM, Low DE, Henry B, Finkelstein S, Rose D, Green K, Tellier R, Draker R, Adachi D, Ayers M, Chan AK, Skowronski DM, Salit I, Simor AE, Slutsky AS, Doyle PW, Krajden M, Petric M, Brunham RC, McGeer AJ, National Microbiology Laboratory Canada, Canadian Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Study Team. 2003. Identification of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Canada. New England Journal of Medicine. 348(20):1995-2005. Tsang KW, Ho PL, Ooi GC, Yee WK, Wang T, Chan-Yeung M, Lam WK, Seto WH, Yam LY, Cheung TM, Wong PC, Lam B, Ip MS, Chan J, Yuen KY, Lai KN. 2003. A cluster of cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. New England Journal of Medicine. 348(20):1977-85. Wong RSM, Hui DS. 2004. Index patient and SARS outbreak in Hong Kong. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0645.htm. Wu W, Wang J, Liu P, Chen W, Yin S, Jiang S, Yan L, Zhan J, Chen X, Li J, Huang Z, Huang H. 2003. A hospital outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome in Guangzhou, China. Chinese Medical Journal. 116(6):811-8. Zhao Z, Zhang F, Xu M, Huang K, Zhong W, Cai W, Yin Z, Huang S, Deng Z, Wei M, Xiong J, Hawkey PM. 2003. Description and clinical treatment of an early outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Guangzhou, PR China. Journal of Medical Microbiology. 52(Pt 8):715-20. Zhong NS, Zheng BJ, Li YM, Poon, Xie ZH, Chan KH, Li PH, Tan SY, Chang Q, Xie JP, Liu XQ, Xu J, Li DX, Yuen KY, Peiris, Guan Y. 2003. Epidemiology and cause of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Guangdong, People’s Republic of China, in February, 2003. Lancet. 362(9393):1353-8. EPIDEMIOLOGY The Chinese SARS Molecular Epidemiology Consortium. 2004. Molecular evolution of the SARS coronavirus during the course of the SARS epidemic in China. Science. 303(5664)1666-9. Choi BC, Pak AW. 2003. A simple approximate mathematical model to predict the number of severe acute respiratory syndrome cases and deaths. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 57(10):831-5. Chow PKH, Ooi E-E, Tan H-K, Ong K-W, Sil BK, Teo M, et al. 2004. Healthcare worker seroconversion in SARS outbreak. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0397.htm. Donnelly CA, Ghani AC, Leung GM, Hedley AJ, Fraser C, Riley S, Abu-Raddad LJ, Ho LM, Thach TQ, Chau P, Chan KP, Lam TH, Tse LY, Tsang T, Liu SH, Kong JH, Lau EM, Ferguson NM, Anderson RM. 2003. Epidemiological determinants of spread of causal agent of severe acute respiratory syn-

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Misrahi JJ, Foster JA, Shaw FE, Cetron MS. 2004. HHS/CDC legal response to SARS outbreak. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0721.htm. Parashar UD, Anderson LJ. 2004. SARS preparedness and response. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0803.htm. Richards EP, Rathburn KC. 2004. Making state public health laws work for SARS outbreaks. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0836.htm. Rothstein, MA, Alcalde, MG, Elster, NR, Majumder, MA, Palmer, LI, Stone, TH, and Hoffman, RE. 2003. Quarantine and isolation: Lessons learned from SARS. A report to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Web Page. Available at: http://www.louisville.edu/medschool/ibhpl/publications/SARS%20REPORT.pdf. Singer PA, Benatar SR, Bernstein M, Daar AS, Dickens BM, MacRae SK, Upshur RE, Wright L, Shaul RZ. 2003. Ethics and SARS: lessons from Toronto. BMJ. 327( 7427):1342-4. COMMUNICATION WITH THE PUBLIC Arguin PM, Navin AW, Steele SF, Weld LH, Kozarsky PE. 2004. SARS travel alerts and advice. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online] 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0812.htm. Lau JT, Yang X, Tsui H, Kim JH. 2003. Monitoring community responses to the SARS epidemic in Hong Kong: from day 10 to day 62. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 57(11):864-70. Leung GM, Lam TH, Ho LM, Ho SY, Chan BH, Wong IO, Hedley AJ. 2003. The impact of community psychological responses on outbreak control for severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. 57(11):857-63. Person B, Sy F, Holton K, Govert B, Liang A, NCID/SARS Emergency Outreach Team. 2004. Fear and stigma: the epidemic within the SARS outbreak. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0750.htm. Quah SR, Lee H-P. 2004. Crisis prevention and management during SARS outbreak, Singapore. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0418.htm. CLINICAL FEATURES AND PATHOLOGY Antonio GE, Wong KT, Chu WC, Hui DS, Cheng FW, Yuen EH, Chung SS, Fok TF, Sung JJ, Ahuja AT. 2003. Imaging in severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Clinical Radiology. 58(11):825-32.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Avendano M, Derkach P, Swan S. 2003. Clinical course and management of SARS in health care workers in Toronto: a case series. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 168(13):1649-60. Babyn PS, Chu WC, Tsou IY, Wansaicheong GK, Allen U, Bitnun A, Chee TS, Cheng FW, Chiu MC, Fok TF, Hon EK, Gahunia HK, Kaw GJ, Khong PL, Leung CW, Li AM, Manson D, Metreweli C, Ng PC, Read S, Stringer DA. 2004. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS): chest radiographic features in children. Pediatric Radiology. 34(1):47-58. Beijing Group of National Research Project for SARS. 2003. Dynamic changes in blood cytokine levels as clinical indicators in severe acute respiratory syndrome. Chinese Medical Journal. 116(9):1283-7. Chan MS, Chan IY, Fung KH, Poon E, Yam LY, Lau KY. 2004. High-resolution ct findings in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome: a pattern-based approach. American Journal of Roentgenology. 182(1):49-56. Chao CC, Tsai LK, Chiou YH, Tseng MT, Hsieh ST, Chang SC, Chang YC. 2003. Peripheral nerve disease in SARS: report of a case. Neurology. 61(12): 1820-1. Chen SY, Chiang WC, Ma MH, Su CP, Hsu CY, Chow-In Ko P, Tsai KC, Yen ZS, Shih FY, Chen SC, Lin SJ, Wang JL, Chang SC, Chen WJ. 2004. Sequential symptomatic analysis in probable severe acute respiratory syndrome cases. Annals of Emergency Medicine. 43(1):27-33. Choi KW, Chau TN, Tsang O, Tso E, Chiu MC, Tong WL, Lee PO, Ng TK, Ng WF, Lee KC, Lam W, Yu WC, Lai JY, Lai ST, Princess Margaret Hospital SARS Study Group. 2003. Outcomes and prognostic factors in 267 patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome in Hong Kong. Annals of Internal Medicine. 139(9):715-23. Ding Y, Wang H, Shen H, Li Z, Geng J, Han H, Cai J, Li X, Kang W, Weng D, Lu Y, Wu D, He L, Yao K. 2003. The clinical pathology of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS): a report from China. Journal of Pathology. 200(3): 282-9. Fowler RA, Lapinsky SE, Hallett D, Detsky AS, Sibbald WJ, Slutsky AS, Stewart TE, Toronto SARS Critical Care Group. 2003. Critically ill patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome. JAMA. 290(3):367-73. Franks TJ, Chong PY, Chui P, Galvin JR, Lourens RM, Reid AH, Selbs E, McEvoy CP, Hayden CD, Fukuoka J, Taubenberger JK, Travis WD. 2003. Lung pathology of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS): a study of 8 autopsy cases from Singapore. Human Pathology. 34(8):743-8. Grinblat L, Shulman H, Glickman A, Matukas L, Paul N. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome: radiographic review of 40 probable cases in Toronto, Canada. Radiology. 228(3):802-9. Jang TN, Yeh DY, Shen SH, Huang CH, Jiang JS, Kao SJ. 2004. Severe acute respiratory syndrome in Taiwan: analysis of epidemiological characteristics in 29 cases. Journal of Infection. 48(1):23-31.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Lang ZW, Zhang LJ, Zhang SJ, Meng X, Li JQ, Song CZ, Sun L, Zhou YS, Dwyer D. 2003. A clinicopathological study of three cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Pathology. 35(6):526-31. Lau K-K, Yu W-C, Chu C-M, Lau S-T, Sheng B, Yuen K-Y. 2004. Possible central nervous system infection by SARS coronavirus. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0638.htm. Leung TF, Wong GW, Hon KL, Fok TF. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in children: epidemiology, presentation and management. Paediatric Respiratory Reviews. 4(4):334-9. Leung WK, To KF, Chan PK, Chan HL, Wu AK, Lee N, Yuen KY, Sung JJ. 2003. Enteric involvement of severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus infection. Gastroenterology. 125(4):1011-7. Lew TW, Kwek TK, Tai D, Earnest A, Loo S, Singh K, Kwan KM, Chan Y, Yim CF, Bek SL, Kor AC, Yap WS, Chelliah YR, Lai YC, Goh SK. 2003. Acute respiratory distress syndrome in critically ill patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome. JAMA. 290(3):374-80. Li SS, Cheng CW, Fu CL, Chan YH, Lee MP, Chan JW, Yiu SF. 2003. Left ventricular performance in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome: a 30-day echocardiographic follow-up study. Circulation. 108(15):1798-803. Li T, Qiu Z, Han Y, Wang Z, Fan H, Lu W, Xie J, Ma X, Wang A. 2003. Rapid loss of both CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocyte subsets during the acute phase of severe acute respiratory syndrome. Chinese Medical Journal. 116(7):985-7. Li Z, Guo X, Hao W, Wu Y, Ji Y, Zhao Y, Liu F, Xie X. 2003. The relationship between serum interleukins and T-lymphocyte subsets in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome. Chinese Medical Journal. 116(7):981-4. Manocha S, Walley KR, Russell JA. 2003. Severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (SARS): a critical care perspective. Critical Care Medicine. 31(11): 2684-92. Ooi CG, Khong PL, Lam B, Ho JC, Yiu WC, Wong WM, Wang T, Ho PL, Wong PC, Chan RH, Lam WK, Lai KN, Tsang KW. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome: relationship between radiologic and clinical parameters. Radiology. 229(2):492-9. Peiris JS, Chu CM, Cheng VC, Chan KS, Hung IF, Poon LL, Law KI, Tang BS, Hon TY, Chan CS, Chan KH, Ng JS, Zheng BJ, Ng WL, Lai RW, Guan Y, Yuen KY, HKU/UCH SARS Study Group. 2003. Clinical progression and viral load in a community outbreak of coronavirus-associated SARS pneumonia: a prospective study. Lancet. 361(9371):1767-72. Robertson CA, Lowther SA, Birch T, Tan C, Sorhage F, Stockman L, et al. 2004. SARS and pregnancy: a case report. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0736.htm.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Tan T, Tan B, Kurup A, Oon L, Heng D, Se Thoe S, et al. 2004. SARS and Escherichia coli bacteremia. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0501.htm. Tee AKH, Oh HML, Hui KP, Lien CTC, Narendran K, Heng BH, et al. 2004. Atypical SARS in geriatric patient. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0322.htm. Tiwari A, Chan S, Wong A, Tai J, Cheng K, Chan J, Tsang K, Nursing Task Force on Anti-SARS of Queen Mary Hospital. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Hong Kong: patients’ experiences. Nursing Outlook. 51(5):212-9. Tsang O, Chau T, Choi K, Tso E, Lim W, Chiu M, Tong W, Lee P, Lam B, Ng T, Lai J, Yu W, Lai S. 2003. Coronavirus-positive nasopharyngeal aspirate as predictor for severe acute respiratory syndrome mortality. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 9(11). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol9no11/03-0400.htm. Tsui PT, Kwok ML, Yuen H, Lai ST. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome: clinical outcome and prognostic correlates. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 9(9). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol9no9/03-0362.htm. Vu HT, Leitmeyer KC, Le DH, Miller MJ, Nguyen QH, Uyeki TM, et al. 2004. Clinical description of a completed outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Vietnam, February–May, 2003. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0761.htm. Wong KT, Antonio GE, Hui DS, Lee N, Yuen EH, Wu A, Leung CB, Rainer TH, Cameron P, Chung SS, Sung JJ, Ahuja AT. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome: radiographic appearances and pattern of progression in 138 patients. Radiology. 228(2):401-6. Wong KT, Antonio GE, Hui DS, Lee N, Yuen EH, Wu A, Leung CB, Rainer TH, Cameron P, Chung SS, Sung JJ, Ahuja AT. 2003. Thin-section CT of severe acute respiratory syndrome: evaluation of 73 patients exposed to or with the disease. Radiology. 228(2):395-400. Wong PN, Mak SK, Lo KY, Tong GM, Wong Y, Watt CL, Wong AK. 2003. Clinical presentation and outcome of severe acute respiratory syndrome in dialysis patients. American Journal of Kidney Diseases. 42(5):1075-81. Wong RS, Wu A, To KF, Lee N, Lam CW, Wong CK, Chan PK, Ng MH, Yu LM, Hui DS, Tam JS, Cheng G, Sung JJ. 2003. Haematological manifestations in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome: retrospective analysis. BMJ. 326(7403):1358-62.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Yang G-G, Lin S-Z, Liao K-W, Lee J-J, Wang L-S. 2004. SARS-associated coronavirus infection in teenagers. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0485.htm. DIAGNOSIS AND DETECTION OF THE SARS CORONAVIRUS CDC. SARS: Evaluation and diagnosis. 2004. Web Page. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/sars/diagnosis.htm. Chan KH, Poon LLLM, Cheng VCC, Guan Y, Hung IFN, Kong J, et al. 2004. Detection of SARS coronavirus in patients with suspected SARS. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0610.htm. Chong PY, Chui P, Ling AE, Franks TJ, Tai DY, Leo YS, Kaw GJ, Wansaicheong G, Chan KP, Ean Oon LL, Teo ES, Tan KB, Nakajima N, Sata T, Travis WD. 2004. Analysis of deaths during the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemic in Singapore: challenges in determining a SARS diagnosis. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine. 128 (2):195-204. Emery SL, Erdman DD, Bowen MD, Newton BR, Winchell JM, Meyer RF, et al. 2004. Real-time reverse transcription–polymerase chain reaction assay for SARS-associated coronavirus. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0759.htm. Hui JY, Hon TY, Yang MK, Cho DH, Luk WH, Chan RY, Chan KS, Loke TK, Chan JC. 2004. High-resolution computed tomography is useful for early diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus pneumonia in patients with normal chest radiographs. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 28(1):1-9. Jiang SS, Chen TC, Yang JY, Hsiung CA, Su IJ, Liu YL, Chen PC, Juang JL. 2004. Sensitive and quantitative detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus infection by real-time nested polymerase chain reaction. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 38(2):293-6. Lau LT, Fung YW, Wong FP, Lin SS, Wang CR, Li HL, Dillon N, Collins RA, Tam JS, Chan PK, Wang CG, Yu AC. 2003. A real-time PCR for SARS-coronavirus incorporating target gene pre-amplification. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications. 312(4):1290-6. Mazzulli T, Farcas GA, Poutanen SM, Willey BM, Low DE, Butany J, Asa SL, Kain KC. 2004. Severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus in lung tissue. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online] 10 (1). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol10no1/03-0404.htm. Ng EK, Hui DS, Chan KC, Hung EC, Chiu RW, Lee N, Wu A, Chim SS, Tong YK, Sung JJ, Tam JS, Lo YM. 2003. Quantitative analysis and prognostic implication of SARS coronavirus RNA in the plasma and serum of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome. Clinical Chemistry. 49(12):1976-80.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Poon LL, Chan KH, Wong OK, Cheung TK, Ng I, Zheng B, Seto WH, Yuen KY, Guan Y, Peiris JS. 2004. Detection of SARS coronavirus in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome by conventional and real-time quantitative reverse transcription-PCR assays. Clinical Chemistry. 50(1):67-72. Shi Y, Yi Y, Li P, Kuang T, Li L, Dong M, Ma Q, Cao C. 2003. Diagnosis of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) by detection of SARS coronavirus nucleocapsid antibodies in an antigen-capturing enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 41(12):5781-2. Tang P, Louie M, Richardson SE, Smieja M, Simor AE, Jamieson F, Fearon M, Poutanen SM, Mazzulli T, Tellier R, Mahony J, Loeb M, Petrich A, Chernesky M, McGeer A, Low DE, Phillips E, Jones S, Bastien N, Li Y, Dick D, Grolla A, Fernando L, Booth TF, Henry B, Rachlis AR, Matukas LM, Rose DB, Lovinsky R, Walmsley S, Gold WL, Krajden S, The Ontario Laboratory Working Group for the Rapid Diagnosis of Emerging Infections. 2004. Interpretation of diagnostic laboratory tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome: the Toronto experience. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 170(1):47-54. Wu HS, Chiu SC, Tseng TC, Lin SF, Lin JH, Hsu YF, et al. 2004. Serologic and molecular biologic methods for SARS-associated coronavirus infection, Taiwan. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0731.htm. Wu HS, Hsieh YC, Su IJ, Lin TH, Chiu SC, Hsu YF, Lin JH, Wang MC, Chen JY, Hsiao PW, Chang GD, Wang AH, Ting HW, Chou CM, Huang CJ. 2004. Early detection of antibodies against various structural proteins of the SARS-associated coronavirus in SARS patients. Journal of Biomedical Science. 11(1):117-26. Zhai J, Briese T, Dai E, Wang X, Pang X, Du Z. 2004. Real-time polymerase chain reaction for detecting SARS coronavirus, Beijing, 2003. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no1/03-0799.htm. Zhang J, Meng B, Liao D, Zhou L, Zhang X, Chen L, Guo Z, Peng C, Zhu B, Lee PP, Xu X, Zhou T, Deng Z, Hu Y, Li K. 2003. De novo synthesis of PCR templates for the development of SARS diagnostic assay. Molecular Biotechnology. 25(2):107-12. THERAPEUTICS Cinatl J, Morgenstern B, Bauer G, Chandra P, Rabenau H, Doerr HW. 2003. Treatment of SARS with human interferons. Lancet. 362(9380):293-4. [Erratum appears in Lancet. 2003. 362(9385):748.] Cooper A, Joglekar A, Adhikari N. 2003. A practical approach to airway management in patients with SARS. Canadian Medical Association Journal. 169(8):785-7.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary De Groot AS. 2003. How the SARS vaccine effort can learn from HIV: speeding towards the future, learning from the past. Vaccine. 21(27-30):4095-104. Ho JC, Ooi GC, Mok TY, Chan JW, Hung I, Lam B, Wong PC, Li PC, Ho PL, Lam WK, Ng CK, Ip MS, Lai KN, Chan-Yeung M, Tsang KW. 2003. High-dose pulse versus nonpulse corticosteroid regimens in severe acute respiratory syndrome. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine. 168(12):1449-56. Knowles SR, Phillips EJ, Dresser L, Matukas L. 2003. Common adverse events associated with the use of ribavirin for severe acute respiratory syndrome in Canada. Clinical Infectious Diseases. 37(8):1139-42. Loutfy MR, Blatt LM, Siminovitch KA, Ward S, Wolff B, Lho H, Pham DH, Deif H, LaMere EA, Chang M, Kain KC, Farcas GA, Ferguson P, Latchford M, Levy G, Dennis JW, Lai EK, Fish EN. 2003. Interferon alfacon-1 plus corticosteroids in severe acute respiratory syndrome: a preliminary study. JAMA. 290(24):3222-8. Ooi CG, Khong PL, Ho JC, Lam B, Wong WM, Yiu WC, Wong PC, Wong CF, Lai KN, Tsang KW. 2003. Severe acute respiratory syndrome: radiographic evaluation and clinical outcome measures. Radiology. 229(2):500-6. van Vonderen MG, Bos JC, Prins JM, Wertheim-van Dillen P, Speelman P. 2003. Ribavirin in the treatment of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Netherlands Journal of Medicine. 61(7):238-41. Verbeek PR, Schwartz B, Burgess RJ. 2003. Should paramedics intubate patients with SARS-like symptoms? Canadian Medical Association Journal. 169(4): 299-300. Wei WI, Tuen HH, Ng RW, Lam LK. 2003. Safe tracheostomy for patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome. Laryngoscope. 113(10):1777-9. Zhaori G. 2003. Antiviral treatment of SARS: can we draw any conclusions? Canadian Medical Association Journal. 169(11):1165-6. MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOLOGY Anand K, Ziebuhr J, Wadhwani P, Mesters JR, Hilgenfeld R. 2003. Coronavirus main proteinase (3CLpro) structure: basis for design of anti-SARS drugs. Science. 300(5626):1763-7. Cai QC, Jiang QW, Zhao GM, Guo Q, Cao GW, Chen T. 2003. Putative caveolin-binding sites in SARS-CoV proteins. Zhongguo Yao Li Xue Bao/Acta Pharmacologica Sinica. 24(10):1051-9. Che XY, Hao W, Qiu LW, Pan YX, Liao ZY, Xu H, Chen JJ, Hou JL, Woo PC, Lau SK, Kwok YY, Huang Z. 2003. Antibody response of patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) to nucleocapsid antigen of SARS-associated coronavirus. Di Yi Junyi Daxue Xuebao. 23(7):637-9.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Chou KC, Wei DQ, Zhong WZ. 2003. Binding mechanism of coronavirus main proteinase with ligands and its implication to drug design against SARS. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications. 308(1):148-51. Fan K, Wei P, Feng Q, Chen S, Huang C, Ma L, Lai B, Pei J, Liu Y, Chen J, Lai L. 2004. Biosynthesis, purification, and substrate specificity of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 3C-like proteinase. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 279(3):1637-42. Gao F, Ou HY, Chen LL, Zheng WX, Zhang CT. 2003. Prediction of proteinase cleavage sites in polyproteins of coronaviruses and its applications in analyzing SARS-CoV genomes. FEBS Letters. 553(3):451-6. Goldsmith CS, Tatti KM, Ksiazek TG, Rollin PE, Comer JA, Lee WW, et al. 2004. Ultrastructural characterization of SARS coronavirus. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0913.htm. He R, Leeson A, Andonov A, Li Y, Bastien N, Cao J, Osiowy C, Dobie F, Cutts T, Ballantine M, Li X. 2003. Activation of AP-1 signal transduction pathway by SARS coronavirus nucleocapsid protein. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications. 311(4):870-6. Hensley LE, Fritz EA, Jahrling PB, Karp CL, Huggins JW, Geisbert TW. 2004. Interferon-ß 1a and SARS coronavirus replication. Emerging Infectious Diseases [serial online]. 10(2). Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol10no2/03-0482.htm. Ho TY, Wu SL, Cheng SE, Wei YC, Huang SP, Hsiang CY. 2004. Antigenicity and receptor-binding ability of recombinant SARS coronavirus spike protein. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications. 313(4):938-47. Jenwitheesuk E, Samudrala R. 2003. Identifying inhibitors of the SARS coronavirus proteinase. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters. 13(22):3989-92. Krokhin O, Li Y, Andonov A, Feldmann H, Flick R, Jones S, Stroeher U, Bastien N, Dasuri KV, Cheng K, Simonsen JN, Perreault H, Wilkins J, Ens W, Plummer F, Standing KG. 2003. Mass spectrometric characterization of proteins from the SARS virus: a preliminary report. Molecular & Cellular Proteomics. 2(5):346-56. Navas-Martin S, Weiss SR. 2003. SARS: Lessons learned from other coronaviruses. Viral Immunology. 16(4):461-74. Ng ML, Tan SH, See EE, Ooi EE, Ling AE. 2003. Proliferative growth of SARS coronavirus in Vero E6 cells. Journal of General Virology. 84(12):3291-303. Spiga O, Bernini A, Ciutti A, Chiellini S, Menciassi N, Finetti F, Causarono V, Anselmi F, Prischi F, Niccolai N. 2003. Molecular modelling of S1 and S2 subunits of SARS coronavirus spike glycoprotein. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications. 310(1):78-83.

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Learning From Sars: Preparing for the Next Disease Outbreak - Workshop Summary Tanner JA, Watt RM, Chai YB, Lu LY, Lin MC, Peiris JS, Poon LL, Kung HF, Huang JD. 2003. The severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus NTPase/helicase belongs to a distinct class of 5' to 3' viral helicases. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 278(41):39578-82. Wang J, Wen J, Li J, Yin J, Zhu Q, Wang H, Yang Y, Qin E, You B, Li W, Li X, Huang S, Yang R, Zhang X, Yang L, Zhang T, Yin Y, Cui X, Tang X, Wang L, He B, Ma L, Lei T, Zeng C, Fang J, Yu J, Wang J, Yang H, West MB, Bhatnagar A, Lu Y, Xu N, Liu S. 2003. Assessment of immunoreactive synthetic peptides from the structural proteins of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus. Clinical Chemistry. 49(12):1989-96. Xiao X, Chakraborti S, Dimitrov AS, Gramatikoff K, Dimitrov DS. 2003. The SARS-CoV S glycoprotein: expression and functional characterization. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications. 312(4):1159-64. Xu X, Liu Y, Weiss S, Arnold E, Sarafianos SG, Ding J. 2003. Molecular model of SARS coronavirus polymerase: implications for biochemical functions and drug design. Nucleic Acids Research. 31(24):7117-30. Yang H, Yang M, Ding Y, Liu Y, Lou Z, Zhou Z, Sun L, Mo L, Ye S, Pang H, Gao GF, Anand K, Bartlam M, Hilgenfeld R, Rao Z. 2003. The crystal structures of severe acute respiratory syndrome virus main protease and its complex with an inhibitor. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 100(23):13190-5. Zhang R, Guo Z, Lu J, Meng J, Zhou C, Zhan X, Huang B, Yu X, Huang M, Pan X, Ling W, Chen X, Wan Z, Zheng H, Yan X, Wang Y, Ran Y, Liu X, Ma J, Wang C, Zhang B. 2003. Inhibiting severe acute respiratory syndrome-associated coronavirus by small interfering RNA. Chinese Medical Journal. 116(8):1262-4. GENOMICS Campanacci V, Egloff MP, Longhi S, Ferron F, Rancurel C, Salomoni A, Durousseau C, Tocque F, BrA(C)mond N, Dobbe JC, Snijder EJ, Canard B, Cambillau C. 2003. Structural genomics of the SARS coronavirus: cloning, expression, crystallization and preliminary crystallographic study of the Nsp9 protein. Acta Crystallographica Section D-Biological Crystallography. 59(9):1628-31. Chen LL, Ou HY, Zhang R, Zhang CT. 2003. ZCURVE_CoV: a new system to recognize protein coding genes in coronavirus genomes, and its applications in analyzing SARS-CoV genomes. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications. 307(2):382-8. Chim SS, Tong YK, Hung EC, Chiu RW, Lo YM. 2004. Genomic sequencing of a SARS coronavirus isolate that predated the Metropole Hotel case cluster in Hong Kong. Clinical Chemistry. 50(1):231-3.

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