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NIH Extramural Center Programs: Criteria for Initiation and Evaluation
P30 Center Core Grants .
To support shared resources and facilities for categorical research by a number of investigators from different disciplines who provide a multidisciplinary approach to a joint research effort or from the same discipline who focus on a common research problem. The core grant is integrated with the center’s component projects or program projects, though funded independently from them. This support, by providing more accessible resources, is expected to assure a greater productivity than from the separate projects and program projects.
P50 Specialized Center .
To support any part of the full range of research and development (R&D) from very basic to clinical; may involve ancillary supportive activities such as protracted patient care necessary to the primary research or R&D effort. The spectrum of activities comprises a multidisciplinary attack on a specific disease entity or biomedical problem area. These grants differ from program project grants in that they are usually developed in response to an announcement of the programmatic needs of an Institute or Division and subsequently receive continuous attention from its staff. Centers may also serve as regional or national resources for special research purposes.
P60 Comprehensive Center .
To support a multipurpose unit designed to bring into a common focus divergent but related facilities within a given community. It may be based in a university or may involve other locally available resources such as hospitals, computer facilities, regional centers, and primate colonies. It may include specialized centers, program projects, and projects as integral components. Regardless of the facilities available to a program, it usually includes the following objectives: to foster biomedical R&D at both the fundamental and clinical levels; to initiate and expand community education, screening, and counseling programs; and to educate medical and allied health professionals concerning the problems of diagnosis and treatment of a specific disease.