and those discussed at a government-sponsored Roundtable on Oceans and Human Health held in Research Triangle Park, NC, December, 2001 (RFA-ES-03-003).

Breast Cancer and the Environment Research Centers. Five scientific priority areas have been developed after a series of workshops and meetings held on this topic attended by scientists, representatives from breast cancer advocacy groups, and health care practitioners (RFA-ES-03-001).

Regional Centers of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases Research. As identified by the recently convened National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Blue Ribbon Panel on Bioterrorism and Its Implications for Biomedical Research, there is a critical need for the establishment of highly developed research and development infrastructure with strong translational research capacity to implement the Biodefense Research Agenda of NIAID (RFA-AI-02-031).

Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities. This RFA draws on the recommendations contained in the strategic plans of the sponsoring National Institutes of Health (NIH) institutes concerning health disparities, those submitted to NIH from the conference entitled “Toward Higher Levels of Analysis: Progress and Promise in Research on Social and Cultural Dimensions of Health,” and those highlighted by numerous recent National Academy of Sciences and Institute of Medicine Reports (RFA-ES-02-009).

Centers of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research. This initiative is the centerpiece of the National Cancer Institute’s (NCI) Extraordinary Opportunity in Cancer Communications. The novelty and scope of this initiative reflects the NCI’s recognition that effective communications can and should be used to narrow the enormous gap between discovery and applications and to reduce health disparities among our citizens.…Potential applicants are encouraged to consult the NCI’s Bypass Budget for background about the NCI’s goals and progress in cancer communications (RFA-CA-01-019).

2. Centers would provide an organizational environment that facilitates activities that individual-investigator grants or other mechanisms of research support cannot easily provide.

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