tion control. Earlier, he was general manager of Exxon Corporate Research. While at Exxon Research and Engineering Company, he was also general manager of the Synthetic Fuels Department and manager of the Baytown Research and Development Division. He is a fellow in the American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE) and a past recipient of the AIChE’s National Award in Chemical Engineering Practice. He has authored or co-authored more than 50 publications, including 2 books, and has 38 U.S. patents. He has extensive experience in the conversion of fossil feedstocks to alternative gaseous and liquid fuels, petroleum fuels, engines, catalysis, air pollution control, and R&D management. Since 1981, he has participated in seven committees at the National Research Council. He received B.S. and M.S. degrees in chemical engineering from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Antonia V. Herzog is staff scientist in the Climate Center at the Natural Resources Defense Council, where she analyzes climate change issues and provides information to decision makers and the public. She had been a Congressional Legislative Science Fellow and a postdoctoral fellow at the University of California, Berkeley. She received a B.A. in physics from Vassar College, a B.Eng. from Dartmouth College, an M.S. in applied physics from Columbia University, and a Ph.D. in physics from the University of California, San Diego.

Robert L. Hirsch is currently a senior energy program advisor at Scientific Applications International Corporation. His past positions include those of senior energy analyst at the RAND Corporation; executive advisor to the president of Advanced Power Technologies, Inc.; vice president, Washington office, Electric Power Research Institute; vice president and manager, Research and Technical Services Department, ARCO Oil and Gas Company; chief executive officer of ARCO Power Technologies, a company that he founded; manager, Baytown Research and Development Division, and general manager, Exploratory Research, Exxon Research and Engineering Company. He was assistant administrator for Solar, Geothermal, and Advanced Energy Systems (presidential appointment); and director, Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy Research, U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration. He has served on numerous advisory committees, including as a member of the DOE Energy Research Advisory Board and a number of DOE national laboratory advisory boards. He has served on several National Research Council committees, including the one that wrote the report Fuels to Drive Our Future (1990), which examined the economics and technologies for producing transportation fuels from U.S. domestic resources, and he was chair of the Committee to Examine the Research Needs of the Advanced Extraction and Process Technology Program. He was formerly chair of the Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. He brings expertise in a number of areas of science, technology, and business related to energy production and consumption, research and development, and public policy. He received a Ph.D. in engineering and physics from the University of Illinois.

Mujid S. Kazimi is director of the Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems and professor of nuclear engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He has been on the faculty at MIT since 1976, and previously served as head of the department. He also held positions at Brookhaven National Laboratory and the Westinghouse Electric Corporation before joining the MIT faculty. He has extensive expertise in advanced nuclear energy systems, in reactors, the nuclear fuel cycle, and nuclear research. He has served on numerous review committees and panels, and currently serves as a member of the Technical Review Committee of the Division of Nuclear and Energy Systems, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, and member of the Organizing Committee of the International Congress on Advanced Power Plants, American Nuclear Society. He is co-author of Nuclear Systems, a two-volume book on the thermal analysis and design of nuclear fission reactors. He served on the NRC Panel on Separations Technology and Transmutation Systems and is a fellow of the American Nuclear Society. He has a B.Eng. (Alexandria University), M.S. (MIT), and Ph.D. (MIT) in nuclear engineering.

Alexander MacLachlan (NAE) retired at the end of 1993 from E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company after more than 36 years of service. He had been senior vice president for research and development and chief technical officer since 1986. In late 1994, he joined the U.S. Department of Energy as deputy undersecretary for technology partnerships and in 1995 was made deputy undersecretary for R&D management. He left the DOE in 1996, but remained on its Secretary of Energy Advisory Board, Laboratory Operations Board, Sandia President’s Advisory Council, and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory’s Advisory Council until 2003. He has participated in several studies for the National Research Council, including Containing the Threat from Illegal Bombings (1998); Technology Commercialization: Russian Challenges, American Lessons (1998); and Building an Effective Environmental Management Science Program (1997). Recently he was chair for the Committee to Review the Department of Transportation’s Intelligent Vehicle Initiative. He currently serves on the NRC’s Board on Radioactive Waste Management and is liaison to one of the board’s current studies. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He is a graduate of Tufts University with a B.S. in chemistry (1954) and of MIT with a Ph.D. in physical organic chemistry (1957).

Gene Nemanich is an independent consultant and chairman of the National Hydrogen Association. Prior to retiring from ChevronTexaco in late 2003, he was the vice president of



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