tute in 1957 and his Ph.D. (1969) degree at the Polytechnic Institute of New York. He has been on the staff of the Brookhaven National Laboratory (1958–1975), Adjunct Professor in the Departments of Mechanics and Earth and Space Sciences, State University of New York, Stony Brook (1973–1975), and Professor of Chemistry and Fellow of CIRES, University of Colorado, Boulder (1975–1982). In 1982 he accepted a professorship in the Department of Chemistry at The Pennsylvania State University, and was given the distinction of the Evan Pugh Professor title in 1986. In 1999 Professor Castleman was appointed Eberly Distinguished Chair in Science and a joint professor in the Department of Physics. He is a member of the Materials Research Institute at Penn State and is currently on the Advisory Board of the Consortium for Nanostructured Materials (VCU). Castleman’s awards and honors include election to the National Academy of Sciences (1998), Fellow of the American Academy for Arts and Sciences (1998), Fellow of the New York Academy of Sciences (1998), Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (1985) and the American Physical Society (1985), receipt of the Wilhelm Jost Memorial Lectureship Award from the German Chemical Society (2000), Fulbright Senior Scholar (1989), American Chemical Society Award for Creative Advances in Environmental Science and Technology (1987), Doktors Honoris Causa from the University of Innsbruck, Austria (1987), U.S. Senior Scientist von Humboldt Awardee (1986), Senior Fellow of the Japanese Society for the Promotion of Science (1985, 1997) and Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar at Cal Tech (1977). He is currently serving on the editorial boards of a number of professional publications.

Peter R. DeForest is Professor of Criminalistics at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York where he has taught for 33 years. Prior to joining the faculty and helping to found the Forensic Science B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. Programs at John Jay and the City University of New York, he worked in several laboratories. He began his career in forensic science at the Ventura County Sheriff’s Crime Laboratory, Ventura, California in 1960. He earned a Bachelor of Science Degree (1964) in Criminalistics and a Doctor of Criminology Degree in Criminalistics (1969) from the University of California at Berkeley. In addition to his university teaching and research activities, he also serves as a scientific consultant and expert witness for police departments, prosecutors’ offices, municipal law departments, public defender agencies, and private attorneys in criminal and civil casework. He is the author or co-author of several book chapters, a textbook, and numerous articles in scientific journals. In addition to membership in several scientific societies, he is a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Forensic Sciences. For over ten years, dating from the inception of the American Board of Criminalistics (ABC), Dr. De Forest served as the chairman of ABC Examination Committee, which was responsible for designing and administering certification examinations in a range of forensic

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