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E
U.S. Dietary Intake Data for Water and Weaning Foods from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals, 1994–1996, 1998

TABLE E-1 Mean and Selected Percentiles for Daily Intake of Total Water (g): United States, CSFII, 1994–1996, 1998

Sex/Age Categorya

n

Mean

Percentile

1st

5th

10th

Both sexes, 0–6 mo

595

1,007

425

544

655

Both sexes, 7–12 mo

526

1,259

560

751

836

Both sexes, 1–3 y

3,897

1,355

457

655

765

Both sexes, 4–8 y

3,857

1,561

531

766

904

M, 9–13 y

586

2,037

686

942

1,103

M, 14–18 y

471

2,791

695

1,070

1,308

M, 19–30 y

915

3,361

767

1,275

1,558

M, 31–50 y

1,800

3,189

937

1,392

1,652

M, 51–70 y

1,674

2,883

900

1,267

1,539

M, 71+ y

715

2,449

768

1,100

1,351

F, 9–13 y

597

1,744

584

818

964

F, 14–18 y

447

2,021

591

821

997

F, 19–30 y

805

2,367

653

933

1,188

F, 31–50 y

1,686

2,475

705

1,088

1,270

F, 51–70 y

1,600

2,457

834

1,161

1,375

F, 71+ y

667

2,166

784

1,022

1,259

P/L

124

2,775

781

1,049

1,305

All individuals

20,838

2,486

649

953

1,151

All individuals (+P/L)

20,962

2,489

650

954

1,151

a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and/or lactating.

NOTE: Total water intake reflects the sum of plain drinking water and the water content of all foods and beverages consumed.



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Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate E U.S. Dietary Intake Data for Water and Weaning Foods from the Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals, 1994–1996, 1998 TABLE E-1 Mean and Selected Percentiles for Daily Intake of Total Water (g): United States, CSFII, 1994–1996, 1998 Sex/Age Categorya n Mean Percentile 1st 5th 10th Both sexes, 0–6 mo 595 1,007 425 544 655 Both sexes, 7–12 mo 526 1,259 560 751 836 Both sexes, 1–3 y 3,897 1,355 457 655 765 Both sexes, 4–8 y 3,857 1,561 531 766 904 M, 9–13 y 586 2,037 686 942 1,103 M, 14–18 y 471 2,791 695 1,070 1,308 M, 19–30 y 915 3,361 767 1,275 1,558 M, 31–50 y 1,800 3,189 937 1,392 1,652 M, 51–70 y 1,674 2,883 900 1,267 1,539 M, 71+ y 715 2,449 768 1,100 1,351 F, 9–13 y 597 1,744 584 818 964 F, 14–18 y 447 2,021 591 821 997 F, 19–30 y 805 2,367 653 933 1,188 F, 31–50 y 1,686 2,475 705 1,088 1,270 F, 51–70 y 1,600 2,457 834 1,161 1,375 F, 71+ y 667 2,166 784 1,022 1,259 P/L 124 2,775 781 1,049 1,305 All individuals 20,838 2,486 649 953 1,151 All individuals (+P/L) 20,962 2,489 650 954 1,151 a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and/or lactating. NOTE: Total water intake reflects the sum of plain drinking water and the water content of all foods and beverages consumed.

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 785 947 1,157 1,433 1,661 2,139 995 1,182 1,466 1,764 1,939 2,520 984 1,279 1,627 2,016 2,289 3,096 1,138 1,454 1,825 2,373 2,737 3,577 1,417 1,900 2,439 3,099 3,806 5,042 1,778 2,439 3,316 4,467 5,532 8,526 2,127 2,948 3,976 5,699 7,017 11,319 2,169 2,835 3,836 5,032 6,011 9,024 2,057 2,641 3,460 4,380 5,178 7,800 1,827 2,325 2,980 3,585 3,951 5,056 1,229 1,608 2,121 2,660 3,130 4,486 1,368 1,846 2,374 3,119 4,008 5,663 1,548 2,129 2,795 3,862 4,576 6,984 1,702 2,257 2,946 3,826 4,507 6,605 1,819 2,310 2,908 3,637 4,273 5,634 1,567 2,062 2,628 3,229 3,706 5,137 1,909 2,682 3,497 4,269 4,974 6,861 1,574 2,210 3,025 4,050 4,950 7,444 1,576 2,213 3,035 4,057 4,950 7,440 DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996, 1998. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation (2002).

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate TABLE E-2 Mean and Selected Percentiles for Daily Intake of Drinking Water (g): United States, CSFII, 1994–1996, 1998 Sex/Age Categorya n Mean Percentile 1st 5th 10th Both sexes, 0–6 mo 595 53 0 0 0 Both sexes, 7–12 mo 526 113 0 0 0 Both sexes, 1–3 y 3,897 281 0 0 0 Both sexes, 4–8 y 3,857 422 0 0 0 M, 9–13 y 586 602 0 0 0 M, 14–18 y 471 854 0 0 0 M, 19–30 y 915 1,052 0 0 0 M, 31–50 y 1,800 890 0 0 0 M, 51–70 y 1,674 825 0 0 0 M, 71+ y 715 798 0 0 0 F, 9–13 y 597 509 0 0 0 F, 14–18 y 447 679 0 0 0 F, 19–30 y 805 777 0 0 0 F, 31–50 y 1,686 799 0 0 0 F, 51–70 y 1,600 841 0 0 89 F, 71+ y 667 814 0 0 177 P/L 124 1,015 0 0 0 All individuals 20,838 759 0 0 0 All individuals (+P/L) 20,962 762 0 0 0 a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and/or lactating. NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a 24-hour dietary recall on Day 1 and provided a valid response to the question “How many fluid ounces of plain drinking water, that is, tap water or any bottled water that is not carbonated, with nothing added to it, did you drink yesterday?”

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 0 0 59 177 237 473 0 30 148 355 473 946 59 237 414 710 887 1,419 118 296 532 946 1,183 1,892 237 473 946 1,419 1,892 2,602 237 473 946 1,892 2,366 5,677 237 710 1,419 2,366 3,548 7,570 237 591 1,183 1,892 2,366 4,731 237 710 1,183 1,892 2,070 3,785 296 710 1,065 1,892 1,892 2,839 148 355 710 1,183 1,508 2,898 177 473 946 1,479 1,892 3,785 177 473 946 1,892 2,366 4,731 237 532 1,065 1,892 2,247 3,785 296 710 1,183 1,892 1,892 3,785 473 710 1,035 1,656 1,892 2,839 237 946 1,892 2,129 2,691 3,548 237 473 946 1,892 2,129 3,785 237 473 946 1,892 2,129 3,785 DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996, 1998. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation (2002).

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate TABLE E-3 Mean and Selected Percentiles for Daily Intake of Drinking and Beverage Water (g): United States, CSFII, 1994–1996, 1998 Sex/Age Categorya n Mean Percentile 1st 5th 10th Both sexes, 0–6 mo 595 927 320 488 568 Both sexes, 7–12 mo 526 935 291 423 535 Both sexes, 1–3 y 3,897 930 219 336 442 Both sexes, 4–8 y 3,857 1,050 221 400 505 M, 9–13 y 586 1,439 296 491 665 M, 14–18 y 471 2,105 321 660 795 M, 19–30 y 915 2,650 442 798 1,022 M, 31–50 y 1,800 2,441 470 828 1,019 M, 51–70 y 1,674 2,129 435 727 995 M, 71+ y 715 1,712 397 665 819 F, 9–13 y 597 1,232 318 451 571 F, 14–18 y 447 1,502 286 458 659 F, 19–30 y 805 1,850 330 567 757 F, 31–50 y 1,686 1,919 429 679 823 F, 51–70 y 1,600 1,847 354 713 884 F, 71+ y 667 1,564 341 636 788 P/L 124 2,083 443 654 872 All individuals 20,838 1,871 326 566 710 All individuals (+P/L) 20,962 1,874 327 566 710 a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and/or lactating. NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a 24-h dietary recall on Day 1 and provided a valid response to the question “How many fluid ounces of plain drinking water, that is, tap water or any bottled water that is not carbonated, with nothing added to it, did you drink yesterday?”

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 726 858 1,072 1,352 1,553 2,139 671 881 1,136 1,418 1,599 2,199 625 858 1,149 1,475 1,748 2,430 683 946 1,289 1,641 2,002 2,827 915 1,335 1,764 2,378 2,765 3,852 1,230 1,716 2,554 3,619 4,678 7,530 1,504 2,194 3,243 4,883 6,181 10,614 1,516 2,101 3,016 4,203 5,188 8,224 1,358 1,858 2,580 3,529 4,214 6,812 1,166 1,621 2,129 2,676 3,050 4,267 774 1,070 1,547 2,062 2,465 4,004 931 1,354 1,838 2,515 2,956 4,264 1,079 1,595 2,261 3,190 4,007 6,370 1,186 1,730 2,328 3,175 3,824 5,900 1,240 1,655 2,241 2,961 3,528 4,975 1,065 1,418 1,940 2,533 2,839 3,785 1,190 1,829 2,668 3,626 4,406 6,195 1,057 1,593 2,308 3,273 4,132 6,637 1,060 1,595 2,311 3,281 4,132 6,613 DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996, 1998. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation (2002).

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate TABLE E-4 Mean and Selected Percentiles for Daily Intake of Food Water (g): United States, CSFII, 1994–1996, 1998 Sex/Age Categorya n Mean Percentile 1st 5th 10th Both sexes, 0–6 mo 595 80 0 0 0 Both sexes, 7–12 mo 526 324 0 36 85 Both sexes, 1–3 y 3,897 424 54 124 173 Both sexes, 4–8 y 3,857 511 87 163 214 M, 9–13 y 586 598 92 178 235 M, 14–18 y 471 686 90 184 245 M, 19–30 y 915 711 94 194 270 M, 31–50 y 1,800 748 92 212 295 M, 51–70 y 1,674 755 102 237 314 M, 71+ y 715 737 81 233 306 F, 9–13 y 597 512 89 148 200 F, 14–18 y 447 519 47 121 172 F, 19–30 y 805 517 55 134 171 F, 31–50 y 1,686 556 49 140 195 F, 51–70 y 1,600 610 99 178 251 F, 71+ y 667 602 69 188 262 P/L 124 692 108 219 262 All individuals 20,838 614 51 158 221 All individuals (+P/L) 20,962 615 52 158 222 a M = male, F = female, P/L = pregnant and/or lactating. NOTE: Data are limited to individuals who provided a 24-h dietary recall on Day 1.

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate 25th 50th 75th 90th 95th 99th 0 0 146 254 319 482 190 306 445 582 637 879 262 387 548 727 840 1,112 324 461 644 847 1,006 1,360 365 520 772 1,076 1,199 1,592 366 582 886 1,269 1,565 2,064 396 642 915 1,300 1,498 1,913 450 660 970 1,325 1,520 2,196 477 703 969 1,251 1,466 1,850 469 671 920 1,263 1,508 1,789 314 458 636 854 1,054 1,691 283 476 684 892 1,097 1,467 292 459 662 926 1,106 1,559 323 508 731 959 1,154 1,561 385 564 786 1,023 1,159 1,443 380 555 758 996 1,173 1,565 431 665 852 1,177 1,403 1,757 354 545 792 1,084 1,309 1,811 355 547 794 1,086 1,311 1,810 DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996, 1998. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation (2002).

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Dietary Reference Intakes for Water, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride, and Sulfate TABLE E-5 Mean Daily Intake of Sodium, Potassium, and Total Water from Weaning Foods by Breastfeeding Infants: United States, CSFII, 1994–1996, 1998 Age Category n Sodium (mg) Potassium (mg) Water (g) 7–12 mo 51 287 442 324 Standard error   61.3 42.8 34.5 NOTE: Sample population includes breastfeeding infants with two 24-hour diet recalls; infants consuming more than 62 g (approximately 1/4 cup) fluid milk and/or infant formula on either of the survey days were not included in the analyses. Means and standard errors were calculated with WesVar Complex Samples 3.0. Total water intake reflects the sum of plain drinking water and the water content of all foods and beverages consumed. Data on plain drinking water intake was provided by a proxy in response to the question “How many fluid ounces of plain drinking water, that is, tap water or any bottled water that is not carbonated, with nothing added to it, did you drink yesterday?” DATA SOURCE: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Continuing Survey of Food Intakes by Individuals (CSFII), 1994–1996, 1998. SOURCE: ENVIRON International Corporation (2002).