cludes the provision of medical care without cost to participants injured in research). After analyzing how these ethical considerations apply to toxicant studies, the chapter examined the arguments about whether EPA may use data from ethically problematic and unethical studies for regulatory purposes. The committee concludes that, as a general rule, EPA should not use data from unethical studies. However, the committee also recommends standards and procedures for exceptional cases in which information from such studies would support a regulatory standard that provides greater protection for public health.

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