Koenig, J. Q., D. S. Covert, W. E. Pierson, Q. S. Hanley, V. Rebolledo, K. Dumler, and S. E. McKinney. 1994. Oxidant and acid aerosol exposure in healthy subjects and subjects with asthma—part I: effects of oxidants, combined with sulfuric or nitric acid, on the pulmonary function of adolescents with asthma. Research Report (Health Effects Institute) 70:1-36.

Langley, S. J., S. Goldthorpe, M. Craven, J. Morris, A. Woodcock, and A. Custovic. 2003. Exposure and sensitization to indoor allergens: association with lung function, bronchial reactivity, and exhaled nitric oxide measures in asthma. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology 112(2):362-368.

Lawrence, J. E., S. H. Lamm, and L. E. Braverman. 2001. Low dose perchlorate (3mg daily) and thyroid function [Letter]. Thyroid 11:295.

Lawrence, J. E., S. H. Lamm, S. Pino, K. Richman, and L.E. Braverman. 2000. The effect of short-term low-dose perchlorate on various aspects of thyroid function. Thyroid 10:659-663.

Leung, H. W., and D. J. Paustenbach. 1995. Physiologically based pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling in health risk assessment and characterization of hazardous substances. Toxicology Letter 79:55-65.

Levin, E. D., N. Addy, A. Nakajima, N. C. Christopher, F. J. Seidler, and T. A. Slotkin. 2001. Persistent behavioral consequences of neonatal chlorpyrifos exposure in rats. Developmental Brain Research 130:83-89.

Lippman, M., B. S. Cohen, and R. B. Schlesinger. 2003. Risk assessment. In: Environmental Health Science: Recognition, Evaluation, and Control of Chemical and Physical Health Hazards. New York: Oxford.

Liu, J., K. Olivier, and C. N. Pope. 1999. Comparative neurochemical effects of repeated methyl parathion or chlorpyrifos exposures in neonatal and adult rats. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 158:186-196.

Maurissen, J. P. J., A. M. Hoberman, R. H. Garman, and T. R. Hanley, Jr. 2000. Lack of developmental neurotoxicity in rat pups from dams treated by gavage with chlorpyrifos. Journal of Toxicological Sciences 57:250-264.

Mileson, B. E., J. E. Chambers, W. L. Chen, W. Dettbarn, M. Ehrich, A. T. Eldefrawi, D. W. Gaylor, K. Hamernik, E. Hodgson, A. G. Karczmar, S. Padilla, C. N. Pope, R. J. Richardson, D. R. Saunders, L. P. Sheets, L. G. Sultatos, and K. B. Wallace. 1998. Common mechanism of toxicity: a case study of organophosphorus pesticides. Journal of Toxicological Sciences 41:8-20.

Moser, V. C., S. M. Chanda, S. R. Mortensen, and S. Padilla. 1998. Age- and gender-related differences in sensitivity to chlorpyrifos in the rat reflect developmental profiles of esterase activities. Journal of Toxicological Sciences 46:211-222.

National Research Council (NRC). 1994. Science and Judgment in Risk Assessment. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.

Paustenbach, D. 2002. Section A. Theory: human health assessment. In: Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Rodricks, J. V., L. Rudenko, T. B. Starr, and Turnbull, D. 1997. Risk assessment. In: Sipes, I., C. McQueen, and A. Gandolfi, eds. Comprehensive Toxicology 315-338. Pergamon, Elsevier Sciences: Oxford, UK.

Samet, J. M., W. E. Pepelko, B. Sonawane, G. E. Hatch, K. E. Driscoll, and G. Oberdörster. 1994. Risk assessment of oxidant gases and particulate air pollution: uncertainties and research needs. Environmental Health Perspectives 10(Suppl.):209-213.

Steenland, K., R. B. Dick, R. J. Howell, D. W. Chrislip, C. J. Hines, T. M. Reid, E. Lehman, P. Laber, E. F. Krieg Jr., and C. Knott. 2000. Neurologic function among termiticide applicators exposed to cholorpyrifos. Environmental Health Perspectives 108:293-300.

Wessels, D., D. B. Barr, and B. Mendola. 2003. Use of biomarkers to indicate exposure of children to organophosphate pesticides: implications for a longitudinal study of children’s environmental health. Environmental Health Perspectives 111:1939-1946.

The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001

Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement