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OCR for page 57
Overcoming Impediments to U.S.-Russian Coorperation on Nuclear Nonproliferation: Report of a Joint Workshop APPENDIX C: GLOSSARY CRDF Civilian Research and Development Foundation CTR Agreement on the Safe and Secure Transportation, Storage and Destruction of Weapons and the Prevention of Weapons Proliferation, 1991 (Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program) DOD United States Department of Defense DOE United States Department of Energy Disarmament The reduction of military forces and equipment GIF Generation IV International Forum HEU Highly-Enriched Uranium IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency IBRAE RAS Nuclear Safety Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences INF Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, 1988 INPRO International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (under the aegis of the IAEA) INSP International Nuclear Safety Program IPPE Institute of Physics and Power Engineering (Obninsk) ISTC International Science and Technology Center LEU Low-Enriched Uranium MNEPR Multilateral Nuclear Environmental Program in the Russian Federation, 2003 MOD Ministry of Defense (refers in this report to the Russian Ministry of Defense) MPC&A Nuclear material protection, control, and accounting. This acronym refers in a general sense to the protection, control, and accounting of nuclear materials and in a specific sense to the cooperative program run by the U.S. Department of Energy. Minatom Ministry of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation NPT Treaty on the Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 1970 Nuclear Nonproliferation Preventing states or non-state actors who do not currently have a nuclear weapon or nuclear weapons capability from acquiring the materials, technology, and information required to obtain a nuclear weapon or nuclear weapon capability. SOAE Agreement on Cooperation in the Elimination of Strategic Offensive Arms, 1995 SORT Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty, 2002 SSBN Strategic Submarine Ballistic Nuclear (nuclear-powered submarine carrying ballistic nuclear missiles).
OCR for page 58
Overcoming Impediments to U.S.-Russian Coorperation on Nuclear Nonproliferation: Report of a Joint Workshop SSGN Strategic Submarine Guided Nuclear (nuclear-powered submarine carrying nuclear or conventional cruise missiles). SSN Strategic Submarine Nuclear (nuclear-powered attack submarine) START Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, 1991. Now often referenced as START I. Negotiations began on START II and then START III, but they ended in favor of the Strategic Offensive Reductions Treaty. TTBT Threshold Test Ban Treaty, 1974 USA PATRIOT Act Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 VAT Value-Added Tax VNIIEF All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics (Sarov) VNIITF All-Russian Research Institute for Theoretical Physics (Snezhinsk) WMD Weapons of Mass Destruction
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