This list of activities conducted by the laboratories during 7 years is, obviously, far from being complete.

To ensure transparency of funding and avoid duplication of work performed by the laboratories, working meetings have been held twice a year, which addressed the progress of work within the concluded contracts, their results, the need for work extension, and prospects for further cooperation. Activities that do not have confirmed interest for either of the sides are not considered eligible for funding.

Taking into consideration political aspects of the export control cooperation, the R.F. Minatom is motivated to ensure the involvement of representatives of all R.F. ministries that bear responsibility for the functioning of the export control system in Russia. Such an approach makes it possible to avoid potential bureaucratic impediments to the practical implementation of the cooperation challenges. It is believed that the issues of both export control and nuclear nonproliferation will remain one of most important lines in the U.S.-Russian collaboration in the near future.

2.4. International Nuclear Safety Program

The International Nuclear Safety Program (INSP), though not focused directly on nuclear nonproliferation, is closely related to this subject. It demonstrates a good example of U.S.-Russian cooperation remarkable for its transparency and free access to information on the tasks (including funding) and progress of the whole program, as well as on its specific projects. The INSP program was initiated shortly after the Chernobyl accident and was intended to assist Russia in improving safety of its operating NPPs. By now the program has been largely completed. However, the experience gained appears to be very useful for other areas in the U.S.-Russian cooperation, including nuclear nonproliferation.

Initially information on the progress of the program’s implementation within individual NPP safety improvement areas could be obtained from quarterly and annual reports put together by the U.S. DOE. Later on, as the number of joint projects increased, they were classified by subject, supplied with a detailed description and an identification number to be used when searching for information on an individual project on the INSP web site. Information on project progress was routinely placed in the Internet and, in addition, forwarded in a paper form to NPPs and organizations involved in the project, as well as to R.F. Minatom managers at different levels (from division head to deputy minister) involved in the INSP implementation and the solution of emerging problems.

Project information included description of project goals, due dates (start date and scheduled completion date), obligations of the sides, description of planned activities, names of executive managers from the U.S. DOE and the U.S. company involved in the project, and names of managers from Russian NPPs or enterprises involved into the project with their contact phones and email addresses. This information allowed for easy contact of any project manager in the shortest possible time to resolve the issues.

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