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Appendix B Speaker Biographies Dr. Cutberto Garza Professor and Director, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University Director, United Nations University's Food and Nutrition Program Cutberto Garza is an internationally recognized expert on infant and maternal nutrition. He served as Director of the Division of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University from 1988 to 1998 and as vice provost of Cornell University from 1998 to 2000. He was reappointed to the office of Director of the Division of Nutritional Sciences in 2003. He currently serves as a member of the Faculty of the Division of Nutritional Sciences at Cornell University and as the Director of the United Nations University's Food and Nutrition Program. Before moving to Cornell, he held the rank of Professor of Pediatrics at Baylor College of Medicine and served as associate director for the USDA/Baylor Children's Nutrition Research Center. He has served on numerous advisory groups for the United States government, National Academies of Science, World Health Organization, World Food Program, and other local and international agencies. Among these appointments are chair of the 1999 U.S. Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee appointed by the Secretaries of Agriculture and Health and Human Services, co-chair of the U.S.-E.U. Biotechnology Forum, and member of the WHO Expert Consultative Group on the Optimal Duration of Exclusive Breastteeding. He served as chair of the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine from 1996 to 2002. He currently chairs the World Health 63

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64 EXPLORING A VISION Organization's Multicenter Growth Reference Study, a six-country effort designed to develop new international growth references for infants and young children. Among his past duties at Cornell University was oversight for the university-wide genomics initiative that includes efforts in plant, mammalian, microbial, and computational genomics, and genomic-related innovative technology development. He was the recipient of the 1996 Feinstein World Hunger Prize for Research and Education awarded by Brown University. He is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies of Sciences, and was named to the inaugural class of National Associates of the National Academies of Sciences last year, in recognition of his contributions to the work of the academies. Dr. Garza received his B.S. from Baylor University in 1969, an M.D. from Baylor College of Medicine in 1973, and his Ph.D. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1976. Dr. Barbara P. Glenn National Academies' Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources Executive Vice President - Scientific Liaison, Federation of Animal Science Societies Barbara P. Glenn is Executive Vice President and Scientific Liaison for the Federation of Animal Science Societies. She was previously a research scientist (dairy and animal) with the Agricultural Research Service, USDA, and has done extensive research in nutrient use by the lactating dairy cow for milk production, including effects of processing corn sources and forages on energy and protein digestion and excretion, and impact on environmental quality. Dr. Glenn is a past member of the FDA center for Veterinary medicine advisory Committee and past Chair of the Coalition on Funding Agricultural Research Missions (CoFARM). She is a fellow with the American Association for the Advancement of Science. She has served on numerous associations, boards and committees including President of the American Society of Animal Science, Board Member of the Federation of Animal Science Societies, and the American Dairy Science Association. Dr. Glenn earned both her B. S. (1975) and Ph.D. (1980) from University of Kentucky. Dr. Eric Gugger Technical Manager, Nutrition Science Group Bell Institute of Health and Nutrition General Mills Company Eric Gugger and his group lead the process of creating meaningful health information for the General Mills businesses and brands by applying clinical trials, dietary intake research, and existing nutrition research. His primary area of responsibility is diet and heart disease. Prior to joining General Mills, Dr. Gugger worked for the Archer Daniels Midland Company as a Senior Nutrition Scientist, and therefore has had the opportunity to view nutrition and health

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APPENDIX B 65 research from the perspective of an agro-processor/ingredient supplier, as well as from that of a consumer foods company. He is a graduate of the University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, with a B.S. in Chemistry and a Ph.D. in Food Science. Dr. Van S. Hubbard Director, National Institutes of Health Division of Nutrition Research Coordination Chief, Nutritional Sciences Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases National Institutes of Health He is responsible for development of research initiatives and management of research programs related to the nutritional sciences and obesity. Dr. Hubbard has been at NIH since 1976 in various positions and is a Captain within the US Commissioned Corps of the Public Health Service. He currently is chair of the NIH Nutrition Coordinating Committee and is the Department of Health and Human Services liaison for the Interagency Committee on Human Nutrition Research. Dr. Hubbard serves as the NIH representative on numerous committees and work groups including various Healthy People 2010 work groups and is co-lead for the Nutrition and Overweight Focus Area and the development of the Surgeon General's Initiative to address overweight and obesity. Additionally, he serves on several non-federal committees such as the Committee on Nutrition of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the International Advisory Board of the Medical Nutrition Education Project at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Other professional activities include serving as Professor of Pediatrics at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and as a member of the editorial boards of the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry and the Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. As a collateral duty, he has been the Commanding Officer of the Public Health Service Disaster Medical Assistance Team. Dr. Hubbard has received many honors from the US government, such as the Certificates of Appreciation from agencies within the Department of Health and Human Services, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, and US Department of Agriculture. He also has been awarded two HHS Secretary's Awards for Distinguished Service, the USPHS Outstanding Service Medal, and two Meritorious Service Medals. Dr. Hubbard is a Diplomate of the National Board of Medical Examiners and Fellow of the American Academy of Pediatrics. In 2000, he was made an Honorary Member of the American Dietetic Association. In 2002, he received the George Bray Founders Award from the North American Association for the Study of Obesity. He received his Ph.D. in biochemistry and his M.D. degree from the Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University. Prior to coming to NIH, he completed an internship and his residency in the Department of Pediatrics at the University of Minnesota Hospitals. His major research

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66 EXPLORING A VISION interests are clinical nutrition, obesity, cystic fibrosis, essential fatty acid metabolism, and nutritional modulation of disease risk. Dr. Joseph J. Jen Under Secretary for Research, Education, and Economics U.S. Department of Agriculture Joseph J. Jen was sworn in as the under secretary for research, education, and economics by agriculture Secretary Ann. M. Veneman on July 17, 2001. He oversees four agencies of the U.S. Department of Agriculture: the Agricultural Research Service; the Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service; the Economic Research Service; and the National Agricultural Statistics Service. Dr. Jen is a widely recognized agricultural scientist and educator, with experience in both the public and private sectors. Since 1992, Dr. Jen has served as the dean of the College of Agriculture at California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo. In this capacity, Dr. Jen oversaw eleven departments with 3,500 students, 250 faculty and staff, and a budget in excess of $30 million. From 1986 to 1992, Dr. Jen was division chairman of the University of Georgia's Division of Food Science and Technology in Athens, Georgia. He served as director of research at the Campbell Institute of Research and Technology for the Campbell Soup Company from 1980 to 1986. He was an associate professor at the Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition at Michigan State University in 1979. Dr. Jen was a food science and biochemistry professor at Clemson University from 1969 to 1979. From 1975 to 1976, he served as a research food technologist at the Horticultural Research Institute for the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service in Beltsville, Maryland. Dr. Jen was elected as a Fellow of the Institute of Food Technologists in 1992, and received the Distinguished Educator Award from the National Association of Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture in 1999. In 2002, he was honored by Washington State University with the Graduate Alumni Achievement Award. Dr. Jen received his B.S. degree in agricultural chemistry from National Taiwan University in 1960. He earned a M.S. degree in food science from Washington State University in 1964 and a Ph.D. degree in comparative biochemistry from the University of California at Berkeley in 1969. He also received an M.B.A. from Southern Illinois University in 1986. Dr. William E. Kirwan Chancellor of the University System of Maryland William English Kirwan became the third chancellor of the University System of Maryland in 2002. Dr. Kirwan was appointed to this position after serving as President of Ohio State University for four years, and as President of the University of Maryland, College Park for nine years. Prior to his presidency, he was a member of the University of Maryland faculty for 34 years. Dr. Kirwan received his bachelor's degree in mathematics from the University of Kentucky

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APPENDIX B 67 and his master's and doctoral degrees in mathematics from Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, in 1962 and 1964, respectively. He is a member of several honorary and professional societies, including Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi, the American Mathematical Society, and the Mathematical Association of America. He is co-editor of the book Advances in Complex Analysis and has published many articles on mathematical research. As Chancellor, Dr. Kirwan has launched numerous initiatives both to enable the University System of Maryland to make progress toward its legislative mandate of national eminence, and to focus on the importance of access and affordability. An internal review of the USM Strategic Plan will add a focused Vision Statement and Values Component to go along with the goals. The work of the Tuition Task Force will produce a straight-forward, easily understandable, more market-driven approach to tuition rates. The Efficiency and Effectiveness workgroup will continue its efforts to identify innovative ways to achieve the USM objectives in a cost-effective manner. Dr. Kirwan is Chair-elect of both the American Council on Education (ACE) and the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges (NASULGC). He also serves on the board of directors of the Business-Higher Education Forum, the National Visiting Committee for the National Science Digital Library, and was a member of the Blue Ribbon Panel of the National Dialogue on Student Financial Aid. As a member and past-Chair of the NCAA Division I Board of Directors, Dr. Kirwan worked to enhance the Association's rules for initial eligibility of student-athletes and to strengthen "progress toward degree" requirements for student-athletes. His other leadership roles have included service as chair-of NASULGC's Commission on International Affairs, chair of its Council of Presidents, and of its Commission on Human Resources and Social Change. He also chaired the National Research Council's Commission on the Mathematical Sciences in the Year 2000, which produced the report, Moving Beyond Myths: Revitalizing Undergraduate Mathematics. Dr. Kirwan was appointed by President Clinton to serve as a member of the National Commission on Mathematics and Science Teaching for the 21st Century and by President Bush to the Board of Advisors for Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Dr. Kirwan was elected to the 2002 class of the Fellows of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Dr. Brian A. Larkins Professor of Plant Sciences and Molecular and Cellular Biology University of Arizona Brian A. Larkins is a Professor of Plant Sciences and Molecular and Cellular Biology at the University of Arizona. His research has focused on the regulation of seed development and the synthesis of seed storage proteins, using a molecular genetic approach to investigate the biology of seed storage protein synthesis to increase the levels of these essential amino acids. These studies

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68 EXPLORING A VISION have attempted to define the structure of storage proteins, the mechanisms by which they are synthesized and deposited in seed tissues, and the genes that regulate these processes. In his postdoctoral work at Purdue University, Dr. Larkins focused on characterizing the mechanism by which maize storage proteins (zeins) are synthesized and determining the mechanism by which their synthesis is altered in various endosperm mutants. He developed methods for isolating polysomes containing zein mRNAs and synthesizing zeins in vitro. This work was followed the isolation of zein mRNAs, and the genes encoding them were then cloned and characterized. Current work focuses on trying to understand the mechanisms by which these proteins assemble into protein bodies and influence the texture (hardness) of the endosperm. Dr. Larkins received his undergraduate degree in biology in 1969 from the University of Nebraska, after which he spent a year teaching high school biology. He then returned to the University of Nebraska, where he earned a Ph.D. in botany. Dr. Nancy Lewis Professor of Nutritional Science and Dietetics University of Nebraska Nancy Lewis is an Associate Professor of Nutritional Science and Dietetics in the College of Human Resources and Family Sciences at the University of Nebraska. Her research interests focus on diet and health relationships, disease prevention, omega-3 fatty acids, outcomes research, and prenatal nutrition intervention. Specifically, Dr. Lewis explores nutrition interventions that reduce chronic disease risk and effectiveness or outcomes research in nutrition care settings, identifying effective nutrition education and counseling interventions that will result in more healthy eating behaviors. This includes the design of research studies to document the most effective nutrition care services across different health care settings. Results of effectiveness or outcomes research can be used to guide practitioners in developing "best practice" models. Dr. Lewis also participates in a regional research project on omega-3 fatty acids and health maintenance, and has conducted human studies showing that the omega-3 fatty acid enriched egg is a healthy and viable source of the omega-3 fatty acids in Midwestern diets. Additional research has included prenatal nutrition intervention studies to document a defined protocol for in-home nutrition education and counseling in both Caucasian and African American women, and these studies have documented a reduction in the incidence of low birth weight among African American women using the defined nutrition intervention protocol. Dr. Lewis's career has included work with governmental health agencies; the American Dietetic Association, the American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences, the American Society of Nutritional Sciences, and the American Society of Clinical Nutrition. In 1968, Dr. Lewis received her Bachelor of Science in dietetics from New Mexico State University, her M.S. in

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APPENDIX B 69 nutrition in 1973 from Iowa State University, and her Ph.D. in nutrition from the University of Nebraska in 1985. Dr. John H. Linehan Whitaker Foundation Dr. Linehan was appointed Vice President of The Whitaker Foundation January 1, 2001. He had been Vice President, Biomedical Engineering Programs, since August 1, 1998. Prior to joining the foundation, he was the Bagozzi professor of biomedical engineering and the founding chairman of the department of biomedical engineering at Marquette University. He also was adjunct professor of physiology and medicine (pulmonary and critical care) at the Medical College of Wisconsin. Dr. Linehan was President (1999-2000) and a Founding Fellow (1993) of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering. He was President of the Biomedical Engineering Society (1992-93) and named a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineering (1991~. His interests in educational issues include leadership, curriculum development, teaching materials, and continuing education. He has published over 300 research articles, chapters, and abstracts and served as major professor for 36 graduate students. Dr. Daryl B. Lund U.S. Department of Agriculture's Executive Director of the North Central Agricultural Experiment Station Directors University of Wisconsin Daryl B. Lund earned a B.S. degree in mathematics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and a Ph.D. in food science with a minor in chemical engineering, also from the University of Wisconsin. During twenty-one years at the University of Wisconsin, he was a Professor of food engineering in the Food Science Department, served his last three years at University of Wisconsin as chair of the department and contributed over 150 scientific papers, edited five books, and co-authored a major text book in the area of simultaneous heat and mass transfers in foods, kinetics of reactions in foods, and food processing. In 1988, he continued his administrative responsibilities by chairing the Department of Food Science at Rutgers University, and from December, 1989 through July, 1995, served as the Executive Dean of Agriculture and Natural Resources with responsibilities for teaching, research, and extension at Rutgers University. From 1995 through 2000, he served as dean of Cornell University's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. He is currently located at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and serves as the Executive Director of the North Central Agricultural Experiment Station Directors.

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70 EXPLORING A VISION Dr. David B. Mallott Associate Dean for Medical Education University of Maryland David B. Mallott currently serves as the Associate Dean for Medical Education and the Director of the Office of Medical Education at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. Prior to becoming Associate Dean, Dr. Mallott was a Professor of Psychiatry and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. He has also held numerous clinical positions, including as a Psychiatrist at the Baltimore Veteran's Administration Hospital and as Clinical Director of the Walter P. Carter Center in Baltimore, Maryland. Dr. Mallott earned a B.S. degree in biology from Swarthmore College, and an M.D. from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine. He is currently a member of the American Psychiatric Association, the American College of Psychiatrists, and the.Association of Medical Colleges' Group on Educational Affairs and Group on Information Resources. Dr. Mallott is also a visiting faculty member and science advisor for The Genetics Adjudication Resource Project at The Einstein Institute for Science, Health and the Courts. Dr. John Marburger Director White House Office of Science and Technology Policy John H. Marburger, III, is the President's Science Advisor and Director of the Office of Science and Technology. Dr. Marburger is the former Director of the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and President of Brookhaven Science Associates. He is presently on a leave of absence from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, where he served as President and Professor from 1980 to 1994 and as a University Professor of Physics and Electrical Engineering from 1994 to 1997. Dr. Marburger served as the Dean of the College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences at the University of Southern California from 1976 to 1980. He has been a member of numerous professional, civic, and philanthropic organizations including the Universities Research Association, the Advisory Committee to the New York State Senate Committee on Higher Education and the Board of Directors of the Museums at Stony Brook. He is a graduate of Princeton University and received a Ph.D. in Applied Physics from Stanford University

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APPENDIX B Dr. Charles C. Muscoplat Vice President for Agricultural Policy Dean of the College of Agricultural Food and Environmental Sciences Director of the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station University of Minnesota Charles C. Muscoplat is Vice President for Agricultural Policy; Dean of the College of Agricultural Food and Environmental Sciences, and Director of the Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station. Dr. Muscoplat also holds positions as Professor of Medicine and Microbiology in the Medical School and Professor of Animal Science in the College of Agricultural Food and Environmental Sciences. From 1981 until 1999, Dr. Muscoplat was Vice President for Medical Affairs at MGI PHARMA, Inc., as well as holding other senior management positions. Dr. Muscoplat was instrumental in bringing several biotechnology and biopharmaceutical products to the market between 1983 and 1999. These products include the countries first agricultural biotechnology developed corn plant and disease preventing monoclonal antibody for livestock. In addition, Dr. Muscoplat developed new drug therapies for cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy for head and neck cancer and also for patients with the autoimmune disease, Sjogrens Syndrome. From 1976 until 1981, Dr. Muscoplat was a faculty member at the University of Minnesota, College of Veterinary Medicine. Additionally, Dr. Muscoplat has served as a member of several national Advisory Committees including the National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council's Board on Agriculture, Board on Science and Technology for International Development, Research Advisory Committee of the U.S. State Department and Agency for International Development, and the Committee for Applied Science and Technology, a program to foster greater collaboration between scientists of the United States and Russia and the Newly Independent States of the Former Soviet Union. Dr. Muscoplat received his bachelor's degree in Chemistry in 1970 with a minor in Mathematics, and a Ph.D. in Veterinary Microbiology in 1975 from the University of Minnesota. 71 Dr. Harry G. Preuss Professor of Physiology, Medicine, and Pathology Georgetown University Medical Center Harry G. Preuss received his B.A. and M.D. from Cornell University, trained for three years in Internal Medicine at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, studied for two years as a fellow in renal physiology at Cornell University Medical Center, and two more years in clinical and research training in Nephrology at Georgetown University Medical Center. He then worked as an Assistant and Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center for five years. He returned to Georgetown and is now a Professor of Physiology, Medicine, and Pathology. Recently, he performed a six months sabbatical in molecular biology at the National Institutes of Health

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72 EXPLORING A VISION (NIH). His bibliography includes over 300 medical papers more than 200 abstracts. Dr. Preuss has edited or co-edited six books and three symposia. He is the co-author of two books written for the lay public: "The Prostate Cure" and "Maitake Magic." He was a special research fellow of the NIH in 1966, and an Established Investigator of the American Heart Association between 1967 and 1972. In 1976, Dr. Preuss was elected to membership in the American Society of Clinical Investigations. He is currently an advisory editor for six journals. His previous government appointments include the Advisory Council for the National Institute on Aging, the Advisory Council of the director of the NIH, and the Advisory Council for the Office of Alternative Medicine of the NIH. He has been a member of many other peer research review committees for the NIH and American Heart Association, and was recently appointed to membership on the National Cholesterol Education Program of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Dr. Preuss has been invited as a feature speaker at many meetings and has participated in discussions concerning nutrition on audio and visual tapes, as well as live television. Dr Preuss was recently elected the ninth Master of the American College of Nutrition (ACN). He is a former chairman of the Hypertension Council of the ACN and the Council on Dietary Supplements, Nutraceuticals, and Functional Foods. Dr. Preuss has also served as Secretary-Treasurer, Vice President, President-Elect, and President. He was elected president of the Certification Board for Nutrition Specialists, and is now co-chair of the Institutional Review Board, which reviews all clinical protocols at Georgetown University Medical Center. Dr. Linda Salf Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center Ohio State University Linda Saif is a professor and researcher with Ohio State University's Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center (OARDC), working on the mechanisms of immunity against intestinal infections. Dr. Saif's research focuses on enteric and respiratory viruses, including rotaviruses, caliciviruses and corona viruses, which cause mortality and morbidity in both food-producing animals and humans. During the past 30 years, she has identified new intestinal viruses and developed diagnostic tests and research methods for working with them in the laboratory. Furthermore, she discovered viruses that cause intestinal diseases in livestock and developed methods for their control including passive immunization strategies to prevent viral diarrheas in neonatal animals. She is also credited with discovering the potential of enteric viral infections in animals to infect human populations. Her contributions to mucosal immunology and intestinal virology have had major impacts on animal and human health research and vaccine development. One example is Dr. Saif's ongoing effort to develop safe and effective vaccines for rotavirus diarrhea, which kills nearly half a million children annually. Dr. Saif earned her bachelor's degree from the

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APPENDIX B 73 College of Wooster in 1969, and received her master's degree (1971) and doctorate (1976) in microbiology/immunology from Ohio State. She has been an OARDC faculty member since 1979, garnering more than $14 million in research grants and publishing numerous articles in books and professional journals. In 2002, Dr. Saif became the first Ohio State researcher not based on the Columbus campus to be recognized as a Distinguished University Professor, and was awarded an honorary doctorate by Belgium's Ghent University. She is an elected member of the National Academy of Sciences. Dr. Susan Sumner Professor and Department Head Department of Food Science and Technology Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Susan Sumner received her B.S. in Food Science from North Carolina State University and her M.S. and Ph.D. in Food Science/Food Safety from the University of Wisconsin. Dr Sumner then joined the microbiology staff of the National Food Processors Association in 1987 as a project microbiologist. In 1990, she joined the Food Science and Technology faculty at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln as an Assistant Professor, and was subsequently appointed as Associate Professor. In August 1996, she joined the Food Science faculty at Virginia Tech as an Associate Professor and Extension Microbiologist. She is now Professor and Head of the Department. Since joining the Food Science and Technology Department at Virginia Tech, Dr. Sumner has continued her research interests into edible films as microbial barriers and decontamination of pathogenic microorganisms on fresh produce and poultry. Dr. Sumner's extension focus is food safety education for the food industry. Each year, she conducts food safety workshops for the food industry. The workshops include "Implementing a HACCP Program," "Verification, Validation, and Recalls," and "Basic Food Microbiology." An acidified food school is also offered for small processors and regulators. Dr. Sumner teaches Food Microbiology, which covers food borne disease organisms, natural toxins, control measures, thermal death time, and bio processing. Dr. Sumner has also taught Concepts of Food Product Development, which provides information on ingredient functionality as well as teamwork skills that students will need in the food industry. The Honorable Tommy G. Thompson Secretary U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy G. Thompson is the nation's leading advocate for the health and welfare of all Americans. He is the 19th individual to serve as Secretary of the department, which employs more than 60,000 personnel and has a fiscal year 2003 budget of nearly $503 billion. Since becoming Secretary of Health and Human Services, Secretary Thompson has

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74 EXPLORING A VISION launched major initiatives to respond to strengthen the nation's preparedness for a bioterrorism attack; substantially increase funding for the National Institutes of Health; reorganize the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to encourage greater responsiveness and efficiency; clear the backlog of waivers and state plan amendments, approving 1,400, and thereby provide health insurance to 1.8 million lower-income Americans throughout the nation; urge all Americans to prevent disease by focusing on critical health areas, such as obesity, diabetes and health disparities; and take the next bold step to continue making welfare a path to employment and opportunity. Secretary Thompson has dedicated his professional life to public service, most recently serving as governor of Wisconsin since 1987 to 2001. Secretary Thompson made state history when he was re-elected to office for a third term in 1994 and a fourth term in 1998. During his 14 years as governor, Secretary Thompson focused on revitalizing Wisconsin's economy. He also gained national attention for his leadership on welfare reform, expanded access to health care for low-income people, and education. Secretary Thompson began his career in public service in 1966 as a representative in Wisconsin's state Assembly. He was elected assistant Assembly minority leader in 1973 and Assembly minority leader in 1981. Secretary Thompson has received numerous awards for his public service, including the Anti-Defamation League's Distinguished Public Service Award. In 1997, the Secretary received Governing Magazine's Public Official of the Year Award, and the Horatio Alger Award in 1998. The Secretary has also served as chairman of the National Governors' Association, the Education Commission of the States, and the Midwestern Governors' Conference. Secretary Thompson also served in the Wisconsin National Guard and the Army Reserve. Dr. Bruce Watkins Professor and University Faculty Scholar of Food Science, Purdue University Adjunct Professor of Anatomy, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis Dr. Bruce Watkins is Professor and University Faculty Scholar of Food Science, Purdue University, and Adjunct Professor of Anatomy, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, School of Medicine, Indiana University Indianapolis. Bruce is the director of the Center for Enhancing Foods to Protect Health (EFPH) at Purdue University. The Center's mission is to conduct research on and provide education for designed/functional foods and nutraceuticals to reduce disease risk and improve health in humans and companion animals and optimize the delivery of these functional components. The Center for EFPH is the first multidisciplinary and multi-institutional effort with a mission to develop analytical methods for phytochemicals, optimize the health protectant capacity of food, and create delivery systems for functional foods to reduce disease risk

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APPENDIX B 75 and improve health. The center has faculty participants from the Schools of Agriculture, Veterinary Medicine, Consumer and Family Sciences, Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Liberal Arts, and the Indiana University School of Medicine. Dr. Watkins' research interests include food lipids, lipid biochemistry, eicosanoid and growth factor regulation of bone modeling, antioxidant nutrient interactions in chronic disease, plant phytochemicals, and nutrient-gene regulation. His research on functional foods with the poultry industry led to the development of designer eggs that are marketed in the United States. Dr. Watkins is an author for more than 100 publications. He has given 50 national and international invited talks since 1993. In addition, he serves on five editorial boards for nutrition and food science related journals. He teaches courses on lipid chemistry, nutritional sciences, and functional foods. Dr. Watkins received the PSA national research award for his investigations on biotin metabolism in 1990, and in 1994 was presented the BioServ Award from the American Society of Nutritional Sciences for his research on the biochemistry of fatty acids in bone. He was the recipient of the 1999 Research and Development Award from the Institute of Food Technologists for his work on lipids and growth factors in bone metabolism. Dr. Watkins obtained his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Nutrition from Colorado State University and the Ph.D. degree in Nutrition and Physiological Chemistry from the University of California, Davis in 1985.

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