strikes between two periods of comparison (C-2) represents an increase in repression of workers, a relaxation in repression of workers, or more extensive reporting.

It is not possible to provide specific guidelines on where to draw the line between characterizing a country’s compliance problems as “extensive” or “severe.” But the matrix framework at least makes the value judgments and data interpretations of assessors explicit and exposes them to challenge and debate.

REFERENCES

Elliott, K.A. (2004). Labor standards and the free trade area of the Americas. In A. Estevedeordal, D. Rodrik, A. Taylor, and A. Velasco (Eds.), FTAA and beyond: Prospects for integration in the Americas. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Engerman, S. (2003). The history and political economy of international labor standards. In K. Basu, H. Horn, L. Raman, and J. Shapiro (Eds.), International labor standards: History, theory and policy options. Malden, MA: Blackwell.


Freedom House. (2003). Freedom house country ratings. Available: http://freedomhouse.org/ratings/index.htm [October 8, 2003].


Huberman, M. (2002, August). International labor standards and market integration before 1913: A race to the top. Paper prepared for Trinity College Conference on The Political Economy of Globalization: Can the Past Inform the Present. Dublin, Ireland.


International Labour Organization. (2000). Your voice at work: Global report under the follow-up to the ILO declaration on fundamental principles and rights at work. Geneva: International Labour Office.

International Labour Organization. (2003). Ratifications of the ILO fundamental conventions. Available: http://webfusion.ilo.org/public/db/standards/normes/appl/appl-ratif8conv.cfm?Lang=EN [October 7, 2003].


Jones, E.B. (1963). New estimates of hours of work per week and hourly earnings, 1900-1957. Review of Economics and Statistics, 45(4), 374-385.


National Research Council. (2003). Monitoring international labor standards: Quality of information, summary of a workshop. M. Hilton (Ed.), Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education and Policy and Global Affairs Division. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. (2000). International trade and core labour standards. Paris: Author.



The National Academies | 500 Fifth St. N.W. | Washington, D.C. 20001
Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved.
Terms of Use and Privacy Statement