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References Achilles, C. (1999). Let's put kids first, finally: Getting class size right. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. American Educational Research Association. (2003). Special interest groups of AERA, 2003- 2004 directory. Available: http://www.aera.net/sigs/siglst.htm#v [December 23, 2004]. (Special Interest Groups focusing on urban and minority children include the SIG "Research Focus on Black Education," "Urban Learning, Teaching, and Research," and "Education and Student Development in Cities.") Baum, E.B. (1991). When the witch doctors agree: The Family Support Act and social sci- ence research. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 10(4), 603-615. Berliner, D. (2002). Educational research: The hardest science of all. Educational Researcher, 31(8), 18-20. Bohrnstedt, G.W., and Stecher, B.M. (1999). Class size reduction in California 1996-1998: Early findings signal promise and concerns. Palo Alto, CA: CSR Research Consortium, American Institutes for Research. Boruch, R., de Moya, D., and Snyder, B. (2002). The importance of randomized field trials in education and related areas. In R. Boruch and F. Mosteller (Eds.), Evidence matters: Randomized trials in education research. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press. Boyd, R., Lambert, S., Cooley-Quille, M., and Ialongo, N. (2003). First grade risk behaviors for community violence exposure in middle school. Journal of Community Psychology, 31(3), 1-18. Bruner, J. (1996). The culture of education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Bryk, A.S., and Raudenbush, S.W. (1992). Hierarchical linear models: Applications and data analysis methods. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Campbell, D.H. (1957). Factors relevant to the validity of experiments in social settings. Psychological Bulletin, 54, 297-312. 34
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REFERENCES 35 Cook, T.D., and Payne, M.R. (2002). Objecting to the objections to using random assign- ment in educational research. In F. Mosteller and R. Boruch (Eds.), Evidence matters: Randomized trials in education research. Washington, DC: Brookings Institution Press. Cook, T.D., Hunt, H.D., and Murphy, R.F. (2000). Comer's School Development Program in Chicago: A theory-based evaluation. American Education Research Journal, 37(2), 535-597. Cronbach, L.J., Ambron, S.R., Dornbusch, S.M., Hess, R.D., Hornik, R.C., Phillips, D.C., Walker, D.F., and Weiner, S.S. (1980). Toward reform of program evaluation. San Fran- cisco: Jossey-Bass. Fashola, O.S. (2001). Building effective after school programs. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press. Fashola, O.S., and Slavin, R.E. (1997). Effective and replicable programs for students placed at risk in elementary and middle schools. (Paper written under funding from the Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education.) Available: http://www.successforall.net/resource/researchpub.htm [December 8, 2003]. Gueron, J. (1997). Learning about welfare reform: Lessons from state-based evaluations. New Directions for Evaluation, 76(Winter), 79-94. Haskins, R. (1991). Congress writes a law: Research and welfare reform. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, 10(4), 616-632. Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health. (2003). The prevention program. Avail- able: http://www.bpp.jhu.edu/index.htm [December 23, 2003]. Kellam, S.G., and Van Horn, Y.V. (1997). Life course development, community epidemiol- ogy, and preventive trials: A scientific structure for prevention research. American Jour- nal of Community Psychology, 25(2), 177-187. Kellam, S.G., Ling, X., Merisca, R., Brown, C.H., and Ialongo, N. (1998). The effect and level of aggression in the first grade classroom on the course and malleability of aggres- sive behavior into middle school. Development and Psychopathology, 10(2), 165-185. Kelly, A. (Ed.). (2003). The role of design in educational research [Special issue]. Educational Researcher, 32(1), January/February. Mosteller, F., and Boruch, R. (2002). Evidence matters: Randomized trials in education re- search. Washington, DC: Brookings Institutions Press. National Research Council. (1985). Youth employment and training programs: The YEDPA years. Committee on Youth Employment Programs. C.L. Betsey, G. Hollister, and M. Papgeorgiou, eds. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. (1994). Preparing for the workplace: Charting a course for federal postsecondary training policy. Committee on Postsecondary Education and Training for the Workplace. J.S. Hansen, ed. Washington, DC: National Academy Press. National Research Council. (2002). Scientific research in education. Committee on Scientific Principles for Education Research. R.J. Shavelson and L. Towne, eds. Center for Educa- tion, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: Na- tional Academy Press. National Research Council. (2003). Protecting participants and facilitating social and behav- ioral sciences research. Panel on Institutional Review Boards, Surveys, and Social Science Research. C.F. Citro, D.R. Ilgen, and C.B. Marrett, eds. Board on Behavioral, Cogni- tive, and Sensory Sciences, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
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36 IMPLEMENTING RANDOMIZED FIELD TRIALS IN EDUCATION Reverby, S.M. (1998). History of an apology: From Tuskegee to the White House. Research Nurse, 3(4). Available: http://www.researchpractice.com/archive/apology.shtml [Octo- ber 21, 2003]. Ross, S.M., Smith, L.J., and Casey, J.P. (1997). Preventing early school failure: Impact of Success for All on standardized test outcomes, minority group performance, and school effectiveness. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2(1). Available: http:// www.csos.jhu.edu/jespar/vol_2_no_1.htm [March 4, 2004]. Slavin, R. (2002). Evidence-based educational policies: Transforming educational practice and research. Educational Researcher, 31(7), 15-21. U.S. Department of Education. (2002). Strategic plan 2002-2007. Washington, DC: Author. Available: http://www.ed.gov/about/reports/strat/plan2002-07/plan.pdf [November 24, 2003]. What Works Clearinghouse. (2003). Introduction to the What Works Clearinghouse evidence report process and the role of scientific standards. Rockville, MD: Author. Available: http:/ /www.w-w-c.org/july2003.html [November 25, 2003]. Willinsky, J. (2001). The strategic education research program and the public value of re- search. Educational Researcher, 30(1), 5-14.