Issues in the Integration of Research and Operational Satellite Systems for Climate Research: Part I. Science and Design (NRC, 2000)


  • Climate research and monitoring capabilities should be balanced with the requirements for operational weather observation and forecasting within an overall U.S. strategy for future satellite observing systems.

  • The Integrated Program Office for NPOESS should give increased consideration to the use of NPOESS for climate research and monitoring.

  • The NASA Earth Science Enterprise should continue to play an active role in the acquisition and analysis of systematic measurements for climate research as well as in the provision of new technology for NPOESS.

  • Joint research and operational opportunities such as the NPOESS Preparatory Project (NPP) should become a permanent part of the U.S. Earth observing remote sensing strategy.

Ensuring the Climate Record from the NPP and NPOESS Meteorological Satellites (NRC, 2000)


  • NOAA should begin now to develop and implement the capability to preserve in perpetuity the basic satellite measurements.

  • NOAA should guarantee climate researchers affordable access to all raw data records in the long-term archive, with an emphasis on large-volume data access.

  • NASA, in cooperation with NOAA, should support the development and evaluation of CDRs, as well as their refinement through data processing.

  • NOAA and NASA should define and develop a basic set of user services and tools to meet specific functions for the science community, with NOAA assuming increasing responsibility for this activity as data migrates to the long-term archive.

  • NASA, in cooperation with the Integrated Program Office, should develop the NPOESS Preparatory Project as an integral component of a climate data system.

  • NOAA, in cooperation with NASA, should invest in early, limited capability prototypes for both long-term archiving and the NPP data system.

  • NASA and NOAA should develop and support activities that will enable a blend of distributed and centralized data and information services for climate research.

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