encourages resident and student research presentations that then are used as a basis for discussion at the main sessions of the meeting. These students or residents are paired with senior mentors before the meeting, and the latter guide the young people through the meeting and encourage them to get involved in clinical research.

  • The National Institutes of Health has a very successful loan repayment program.

  • The Association of Women Surgeons (AWS) and its tax-exempt foundation have several successful programs that include a clinical research fellowship in minimally invasive surgery funded by Ethocon Endosurgery, a visiting professor program for women, its “Pocket Mentor,” and an online mentoring program.

  1. Action items

  • To move clinical research out of the role of second-class citizen, define criteria for excellence in clinical research, present them in some venue such as a meeting of the Council of Deans of Medical Schools, and seek endorsement of the criteria by the academic health centers so that they can be used as valid criteria for promotion and tenure. The societies would have to play a very significant role in such an undertaking, because each specialty would have to develop its own criteria of excellence in their area.

  • Encourage each society, with the help of the talent present at the AXXS workshop, to put on leadership programs in the context of the national society meetings or research training programs.

  • Encourage the individual professional societies to collaborate with the NIH and the private sector for joint funding. When the funding from a K award (NIH training) grants is not enough, make it allowable for the professional society to add its particular grant and not exclude people because they already have another form of funding.

  • Pursue the possibility that through AXXS a pool of funding could be established for the initiatives just outlined.



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