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Efforts should also be continued to search for, test, and organize production of more effective preparations for treating infectious diseases. Further study of the molecular diversity and molecular variability of infectious agents will facilitate not only the rapid identification of a variety of infectious agents causing outbreaks but also the forecasting of the appearance of new pathogens based on their natural evolution or as a result of the covert actions of bioterrorists aimed at artificially changing their properties.

In conclusion, we believe it is necessary to reemphasize that the state’s capacity to counter the threat of bioterrorism—one risk factor for the appearance and spread of infectious diseases—is determined by the condition of the health care system and its readiness to detect, localize, and eliminate infectious outbreaks regardless of the origins of the pathogens causing them. Another key factor in state preparedness is the quality of basic and applied research conducted both to study pathogens at the molecular and epidemiological levels and to create the diagnostic, prophylactic, and therapeutic tools necessary for preventing or eliminating disease outbreaks. Undoubtedly, Russia’s entry into the international biological security system that is currently being formed will promote a successful outcome in the struggle against bioterrorism.



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