health, and health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the citizens of the United States. Working with national and world partners, CDC monitors general health, detects and investigates health problems, conducts research to enhance prevention, develops and advocates sound public health policies, implements prevention strategies, and provides leadership and training.
With respect to lead poisoning, CDC initiated the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program (CLPPP), which develops programs and policies to prevent childhood lead poisoning; educates the public and health care providers about childhood lead poisoning; provides funding to state and local health departments to screen children for elevated blood lead levels and to ensure follow-up; develops neighborhood-based efforts to prevent childhood lead poisoning; and supports research to determine the effectiveness of prevention efforts.
CDC has joined with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and other agencies to develop a federal interagency strategy to identify and control lead paint hazards, identify and care for children with elevated blood lead levels, to survey elevated blood lead levels in children to monitor progress, and perform research to further improve childhood lead poisoning prevention methods (http://www.cdc.gov).
CDC also has 12 centers, institutes, and offices, some of which perform additional work in poison prevention and control. Information about those programs follows.
CDC’s National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH) provides national leadership to promote health and quality of life by preventing or controlling diseases, birth defects, disabilities, or deaths that result from interactions between individuals and their environment. NCEH conducts research in the laboratory and the field to investigate the effects of the environment on health. The center also helps domestic and international agencies and organizations prepare for and respond to natural, technological, humanitarian, and terrorism-related environmental emergencies.
The center’s Emergency and Environmental Health Services (EEHS) program provides national and international leadership for coordinating, delivering, and evaluating emergency and environmental public health services. To improve public health practices, EEHS offers consultation, technical assistance, and training to state and local health departments and to federal and international agencies on environmentally related health issues. The program also responds to national and international emergencies and provides support during environmental threats.